Grammar: Syntax: Question Preview (ID: 20446)

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Define linguistics.
a) the scientific study of natural language.
b) the study of language structure.
c) a person who studies one of the fields of linguistics or uses linguistic methodologies to study groups of languages

The study of syntax...
a) considers how words are arranged in predictable patterns in sentences.
b) looks at how we pronounce words based on the International Phonetic Alphabet.
c) explores language structure.
d) considers how words are formed.

Grammar is...
a) the study of language structure, specifically syntax, phonology and morphology.
b) the study of the relationship between words, expressions, and symbols.
c) the study of the meaning of language.

a) includes issues like punctuation and capitalization.
b) is the study of cohesion and coherence.
c) includes skills like process writing and listening.
d) is the study of how words are formed.

The English language follows this pattern:
a) SVO
b) VOS
c) CVC

A string of words that contains a subject and a verb, and expresses a complete thought, is called...
a) a complete sentence.
b) a prepositional phrase.
c) a run-on sentence.
d) a sentence fragment.

Every English sentence must have a subject + verb written in SVO order and that agree. Every language has a different syntax, so ESL students with certain native languages will have difficulty writing and saying correctly-formed sentences in English
a) true
b) false

Meanings and usage of prepositions can be challenging for ESL students from Spanish-speaking countries.
a) true
b) false

In English, there are no hard-and-set rules for using commas, so we can use them wherever we want, depending on inflection and timing.
a) false
b) true

Some parts of speech include...
a) adjectives, prepositions, and verbs.
b) periods, question marks, and exclamation points.
c) declarative, interrogative, and imperative.

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