Classification Of Living Things: Question Preview (ID: 20439)

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A diagram that indicates common ancestors and line of descent is a
a) cladogram
b) ancestry tree
c) lines of descent diagram
d) phylogenetic tree

The system used to name organisms is the
a) Scientific Classification of Naming system
b) INCS -International Naming Classification System
c) binomial nomenclature
d) three description name

Predictable changes in non-coding DNA over time are called
a) parallel evolution
b) structural clocks
c) divergent evolution
d) molecular clocks

Shared derived characters are use to construct
a) a phylogenetic tree.
b) the order of taxa.
c) a cladogram.
d) the relationship of phyla in orders.

Structures that are similar and come from a common ancestor are called
a) analogous
b) homologous
c) vestigial
d) similar evolution

Scientists use all of the following to classify organisms EXCEPT
a) habitat
b) fossil record
c) homology
d) molecular data

An organism that gives rise to two new groups of organisms is a
a) common ancestor
b) grandparent
c) species
d) descendant

Any structural, chromosomal, or molecular feature that distinguishes one group from another is a
a) feature
b) character
c) homologous structure
d) likeness

A group of organisms that fills a particular category of classification is a
a) class
b) horde
c) population
d) taxon

The branch of science concerned with identifying, naming, and classifying organisms is
a) phylogeny
b) taxonomy
c) homology
d) cladology

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