Reconstruction #2 - North Carolina Social Studies - Middle School: Question Preview (ID: 20309)

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During Reconstruction, the Black Codes passed by Southern states were attempts to a) provide land to former slaves
a) provide land to former slaves
b) punish former Confederate leaders
c) repeal the Jim Crow laws
d) deny equal rights to African Americans

Which newspaper headline would have appeared during the Reconstruction Period after the Civil War?
a) Southerners should be made to pay for their rebellion.
b) The Union should be restored as quickly as possible.
c) African Americans should be given free land.
d) War damages should be collected through military occupation.

Which statement most accurately describes President Abraham Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction after the Civil War?
a) “Jim Crow Laws End”
b) “Former Slaves Made Citizens”
c) “Supreme Court Issues Dred Scott Decision”
d) “Emancipation Proclamation Issued”

The Jim Crow laws, upheld by the Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), provided for
a) free land for former slaves
b) separate public facilities based on race
c) racial integration of public schools
d) voting rights for African-American males

“No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges . . . of citizens . . . nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law. . . .” The major purpose of the 14th amendment was to
a) limit the power of the federal government
b) expand the civil rights of women
c) maintain competition in business
d) protect the rights of African Americans

Southern states attempted to limit the impact of constitutional amendments passed during the Reconstruction Era by
a) passing Jim Crow laws
b) ending racial discrimination
c) seceding from the Union
d) fighting the Civil War

After the passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, African Americans continued to experience political and economic oppression mainly because
a) the amendments were not intended to solve their problems
b) many African Americans distrusted the Federal Government
c) Southern legislatures enacted Jim Crow laws
d) poor communications kept people from learning about their legal rights

The provision of the Radical Republicans’ plan for Reconstruction that Southern States found most objectionable was that a former Confederate State could not be readmitted to the Union unless that State
a) gave land and money to former slaves
b) granted full citizenship to former Confederate leaders
c) ratified the 14th amendment
d) agreed to modernize its economy

How were many African Americans in the South affected after Reconstruction ended in 1877?
a) A constitutional amendment guaranteed their social advancement
b) The Freedmen’s Bureau helped them become farmowners.
c) Jim Crow laws placed major restrictions on their rights.
d) Southern factories offered them job training and employment opportunities

Following Reconstruction, the term New South was most often used to describe
a) changes in the Southern economy
b) new attitudes in race relations
c) the growth of the Republican Party in the South
d) the decline of the sharecropping system

The 14th and 15th Amendments, passed during Reconstruction, resulted in
a) equal rights for women in the United States
b) expanded rights for Native American Indians on reservations
c) increased individual rights for African Americans
d) additional rights for Southern segregationists

The underlying reason for the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson was
a) the Credit Mobilier scandal
b) a power struggle with Congress over Reconstruction
c) his refusal to appoint new justices to the Supreme Court
d) his policies toward Native American Indians

The Jim Crow legal system, which expanded in the South after Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), was based on the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the
a) due process clause of the 5th Amendment
b) states’ rights provision of the 10th Amendment
c) equal protection clause in the 14th Amendment
d) voting rights provision in the 15th Amendment

What effect did the system of sharecropping have on the South after the Civil War?
a) It kept formerly enslaved persons economically dependent.
b) It brought investment capital to the South.
c) It encouraged Northerners to migrate south.
d) It provided for a fairer distribution of farm profits.

Following the Civil War, many Southern states enacted Black Codes to
a) provide free farmland for African Americans
b) guarantee equal civil rights for African Americans
c) restrict the rights of formerly enslaved persons
d) support the creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau

What was a major result of the Civil War?
a) States now had the right to secede from the Union.
b) Congress passed an amendment to provide for the direct election of senators.
c) The power of the central government was strengthened.
d) The judiciary became the dominant branch of the federal government.

The institution of slavery was formally abolished in the United States by the
a) Compromise of 1850
b) Emancipation Proclamation of 1863
c) creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau in 1865
d) ratification of the 13th amendment in 1865

In the ten years following the Civil War, a large numbers of former slaves earned a living by becoming
a) conductors on the Underground Railroad
b) workers in Northern factories
c) sharecroppers on Southern farms
d) gold miners in California

During the late 1800s, Southern voters solidly supported the Democratic Party primarily because Democrats
a) favored a stronger national government
b) led efforts to advance civil rights
c) opposed the Jim Crow legal system
d) disliked the Reconstruction programs of the Republicans

Constitutional amendments adopted during Reconstruction were intended to
a) provide legal and political rights for African Americans
b) end property and religious qualifications for voting
c) correct problems with the electoral college system
d) limit the number of terms of the president

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