Reconstruction #1 - North Carolina Social Studies - Middle School: Question Preview (ID: 20308)

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''Although important strides were made, Reconstruction failed to provide lasting guarantees of the civil rights of the freedmen.” Which evidence best supports this statement
a) passage of Jim Crow laws in the latter part of the 19th century
b) ratification of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments
c) refusal of Southern States to allow sharecropping
d) passage of the Civil Rights Acts of 1866

What occurred in April 1865?
a) Start of the Civil War
b) Battle of Gettysburg
c) Battle of the Ironclads
d) End of the Civil War

'all persons held as slaves within any state or designated part of a state, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free'' -Why do some criticize the Emancipation Proclamation
a) It did not go into effect until after the end of the Civil War.
b) It allowed the border states to maintain ownership of their slaves.
c) It was promoted without any support from Republican lawmakers.
d) It forced freed slaves to remain in the southern states.

Created in 1865, the Freedmen’s Bureau aided African Americans by providing food and medical care, helping with resettlement, ensuring justice with contracts and in courts, managing abandoned and confiscated property... Why was it created?
a) to organize African Americans into a national political party
b) to encourage African Americans from the South to get jobs in the North
c) to segregate African Americans through separate but equal opportunities
d) to help African Americans in the South in making the change from slavery

Which of the following groups benefited the most from the Homestead Act of 1862?
a) factory owners who wanted to reduce the power of unions
b) Native Americans who wanted to protect their way of life
c) farmers who wanted to purchase land in western territories
d) supporters of slavery who wanted its expansion to new territories

• Must be an adult citizen • Must be head of a family • Pay application fee • Maintain residence continuously for five years OR pay $1.25 per acre and maintain residence for six months -What did meeting these requirements allow applicants to do
a) enlist in the military
b) claim ownership of land
c) vote in national elections
d) collect unemployment benefits

Which statement best explains President Abraham Lincoln’s justification for the Civil War?
a) As an abolitionist, President Lincoln wanted to end slavery in the United States.
b) President Lincoln wanted to keep the South economically dependent on the industrial North.
c) President Lincoln’s oath of office required him to defend and preserve the Union.
d) To keep the support of Great Britain and France, President Lincoln had to try to end slavery immediately.

Which argument did President Abraham Lincoln use against the secession of the Southern States?
a) Slavery was not profitable
b) The government was a union of people and not of states.
c) The Southern States did not permit their people to vote on secession
d) As the Commander in Chief, he had the duty to defend the United States against foreign invasion. Civil war #2

In 1862, the Homestead Act and the Pacific Railway Act were passed primarily to
a) achieve Northern victory in the Civil War
b) develop the Midwest and western parts of the country
c) improve the lives of freed slaves
d) expand overseas markets to Asia and Europe

Early in his Presidency, Abraham Lincoln declared that his primary goal as President was to
a) enforce the Emancipation Proclamation
b) preserve the Union
c) end slavery throughout the entire country
d) encourage sectionalism

he told me to give a reasonable interpretation and tell the meaning of the section I had copied. Well, I flunked out. The main intent of the literacy test described in the passage was to
a) encourage reform of the political system
b) encourage Mississippi residents to learn about their state’s legal system
c) prevent African Americans from exercising a basic right
d) enforce the provisions of the United States Constitution

The Jim Crow laws of the post-Civil War Era were attempts by
a) the Federal Government to improve the status of African Americans and Native American Indians
b) state and local governments to restrict the freedoms of African Americans
c) states to ban organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan
d) the Radical Republicans in Congress to carry out Reconstruction plans

The label Solid South was applied to the former Confederate States after Reconstruction because they
a) consistently supported the Democratic Party
b) could not participate in national politics
c) rejected efforts to pass Jim Crow laws
d) continued to support abolitionist causes

The 14th amendment provides that no state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. A direct result of this amendment was
a) the process of amending the Constitution became slower and more complex
b) the guarantees in the Bill of Rights were applied to state actions
c) every citizen gained an absolute right to freedom of speech and assembly
d) the power of the Federal Government was sharply reduced

After the passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, African Americans continued to experience political and economic oppression mainly because
a) the amendments were not intended to solve their problems
b) many African Americans distrusted the Federal Government
c) Southern legislatures enacted Jim Crow laws
d) poor communications kept people from learning about their legal rights

The dispute between President Andrew Johnson and Congress during the Reconstruction Era illustrates the constitutional principle of
a) equality of justice under the law
b) federalism
c) one man, one vote
d) separation of powers

Poll taxes and grandfather clauses were devices used to
a) deny African Americans the right to vote
b) extend suffrage to women and 18-year-old citizens
c) raise money for political campaigns
d) prevent immigrants from becoming citizens

In their plans for Reconstruction, both President Abraham Lincoln and President Andrew Johnson sought to
a) punish the South for starting the Civil War
b) force the Southern States to pay reparations to the Federal Government
c) allow the Southern States to reenter the nation as quickly as possible
d) establish the Republican Party as the only political party in the South

The poll tax, the literacy test, and the actions of the Ku Klux Klan were all attempts to limit the effectiveness of
a) the 14th and 15th amendments
b) the Supreme Court’s decision in Brown v. Board of Education
c) civil rights legislation passed in all states after the Civil War
d) immigration laws such as the Gentleman’s Agreement and the Chinese Exclusion Act

A major reason the Radical Republicans opposed President Abraham Lincoln’s Reconstruction plan was that his plan
a) demanded payments from the South that would have damaged its economy
b) postponed the readmission of Southern States into the Union for many years
c) granted too many rights to formerly enslaved persons
d) offered amnesty to nearly all Confederates who would swear allegiance to the United States

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