Science Benchmark 4 Review: Question Preview (ID: 19998)

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An air mass that forms off the southeast coast of the US (Florida) is ______.
a) cold, dry
b) cold, moist
c) hot, dry
d) warm, moist

In general, air pressure is greatest near earth's surface and _____ as you move upward away from the ground.
a) decreases
b) increases
c) stays the same
d) doubles

Thunderstorms generally form along a(n) ______.
a) occluded front
b) cold front
c) warm front
d) stationary front

A _____ forecasts the weather using data collected from many sources.
a) meteorologist
b) geologist
c) hydrologist
d) biologist

When water droplets form around dust particles and becomes heavy enough to fall out of the clouds, we have ______.
a) wind
b) fog
c) dew point
d) precipitation

A line that connects points of equal pressure is a(n) _______.
a) station model
b) satellite map
c) catalyst
d) isobar

High pressure systems usually means good weather because _____.
a) temperatures are average
b) the density of the air is less
c) the higher air density make it difficult for air to rise and clouds to form
d) humidity is very low

A ____ forms where cold and warm air masses meet.
a) front
b) climate
c) balloon
d) flood

There are ______ molecules of air at high elevations, so air pressure is less.
a) fewer
b) the same number of
c) more
d) no

A(n) ____ is a large body of air that has the same properties as Earth's surface over which it develops.
a) air mass
b) cloud
c) tornado
d) front

What type of energy transfer occurs when heat in sand transfers to a person's feet?
a) convection
b) conduction
c) radiation
d) kinetic

Which of the following is not a characteristic of the troposphere?
a) contains high level of water vapor
b) contains a high level of atmosphere gasses
c) contains a high level of ozone
d) we live there

plants and animals thrive on Earth after the ozone layers was formed. It protects the Earth from ____.
a) solar radiation
b) meteor showers
c) acid rain
d) volcanic gas

The troposphere is the layer of the atmosphere closet to Earth's surface. Which of these would you expect to find in the troposphere?
a) a shooting star
b) clouds and rain
c) extremely high temperatures
d) meteors

The ____ are windless zones near the equator.
a) doldrums
b) prevailing westerlies
c) polar easterlies
d) trade winds

In the water cycle, evaporated water _______.
a) precipitates as rain or snow
b) runs into lakes and streams
c) becomes ground water
d) condenses to form clouds

The transfer of energy through waves or rays is known as _____.
a) conduction
b) convection
c) radiation
d) condensation

The most abundant gas in the atmosphere is ______.
a) argon
b) oxygen
c) water vapor
d) nitrogen

The _____ are responsible for the movement of much of the weather across the United States.
a) prevailing westerlies
b) polar easterlies
c) trade winds
d) doldrums

The ______ extends into outer space.
a) troposphere
b) stratosphere
c) mesosphere
d) exosphere

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