World History Games - Enlightenment - North Carolina Social Studies 7 Review Games: Question Preview (ID: 19735)

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Which of the following is a concept from classical Athens that is central to Western political thought today?
a) Individuals should fight against nature and society to achieve greatness.
b) Individual achievement, dignity, and worth are of great importance.
c) Individual recognition impedes societal progress
d) Individuals play an insignificant role in shaping ideas, society, and the state.

The people are extremely well qualified for choosing those whom they are to entrust with part of their authority. -Montesquieu Which best summarizes Montesquieu’s view of the responsibility of citizens in a democracy?
a) to lobby for new laws
b) to vote for their leaders
c) to respond to public opinion polls
d) to take part in election campaigns

In contrast to a democracy, which form of government uses the military to maintain power against the people’s consent?
a) monarchy
b) dictatorship
c) theocracy
d) oligarchy

When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person or in the same body... there can be no liberty, because apprehensions may arise, lest the same monarch should enact tyrannical laws - Summarize Montesquieu's view of gov't?
a) Government should be ruled by a monarch
b) Government should not give too much liberty to its people.
c) Government should be divided so that it remains fair to its citizens.
d) Government should be controlled by one body of magistrates.

A major concept promoted by philosophers of the Enlightenment was the need for
a) a return to traditional medieval ideas
b) the use of reason for rational and logical thinking
c) overseas expansion by western European nations
d) strengthening the power of the organized religions

It must be acknowledged that the term “republic” is of very vague application in every language. .I would say purely and simply it means a government by its citizens in mass -Which statement best summarizes Jefferson′s idea of a republican gov't
a) The power of the government rests with the body of its citizens
b) The power of the government rests with the leaders at the top.
c) Republican governments have a monarch that leads the country.
d) Republican governments have strict laws that rule its citizens.

“We prefer self-government with danger, to servitude in tranquility.” The author of this statement would most likely support
a) imperialism
b) independence movements
c) colonial expansion
d) mercantilism

Which statement best describes a change that occurred during both the Renaissance and the Enlightenment?
a) feudalism became the dominant political system
b) the use of reason and logic were discouraged
c) technology and science were considered unimportant
d) a new questioning spirit and attitude emerged

During the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, one similarity in the work of many scientists and philosophers was that they
a) relied heavily on the ideas of medieval thinkers
b) favored an absolute monarchy as a way of improving economic conditions
c) received support from the Catholic Church
d) examined natural laws governing the universe

--Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains. --Everyone has the natural right to life, liberty, and property. --Slavery, torture, and religious persecution are wrong. During which period in history would these statements have been expressed?
a) Pax Romana
b) Age of Exploration
c) Enlightenment
d) Age of Imperialism

John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would be most likely to support
a) a return to feudalism in Europe
b) a government ruled by a divine right monarchy
c) a society ruled by the Catholic Church
d) a society in which the people chose the ruler

Writers of the Enlightenment were primarily interested in
a) changing the relationship between people and their government
b) supporting the divine right theory
c) debating the role of the church in society
d) promoting increased power for European monarchs

The writings of the Enlightenment philosophers in Europe encouraged later political revolution with their support of
a) socialism
b) imperialism
c) the natural rights of man
d) the divine right monarchies

The writers and philosophers of the Enlightenment believed the government decisions should be based on
a) fundamental religious beliefs
b) the concept of divine right of kings
c) laws of nature and reason
d) traditional values

Which statement reflects an argument of Enlightenment philosophers against the belief in the divine right of kings?
a) god has chosen all government rulers
b) independence is built by military might
c) a capitalist economic system is necessary for democracy
d) the power of the government is derived from the governed

“We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” This IS the writings of
a) John Locke
b) Charles Darwin
c) Thomas Hobbes
d) Thomas Jefferson

“We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” What is this document?
a) Virginia Declaration of Rights
b) Magna Carta
c) Declaration of Independence
d) Two Treatises of Government

“We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” This is BASED on the writings of
a) Niccolo Machiavelli
b) Charles Darwin
c) Charlemagne
d) John Locke

Which speaker expresses the views of John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau?
a) The story of history is the story of class struggles. Revolution is necessary to overthrow the ruling class
b) The royal power is absolute and the prince need render account of his acts to no one.
c) Government should leave business alone. It should let the natural law of supply and demand determine what gets produced
d) Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. It is the duty of every government to preserve and protect these rights

Which speaker’s statement best reflects the ideas of the Enlightenment?
a) Good government stresses the importance of the nation and accepts the individual if there interests are similar to the nation
b) The person of the king is sacred and to attack him in any way is to attack religion itself. All must respect the king
c) All human beings are born free and equal with a right to life and liberty. It's the duty of gov't to protect these rights
d) Our goal will not be achieved by democracy or liberal reforms, but by blood and iron. Only then will we be successful.

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