US History Games - 1970s Issues - North Carolina Social Studies 8 Review Games: Question Preview (ID: 19710)

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United States participation in the Washington Conference (1921), in the Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928), and in the SALT talks of the 1970’s is evidence that the United States
a) has followed a free trade policy for most of the 20th century
b) relies on military alliances for defense against aggression
c) has been willing to cooperate with other nations to reduce world tensions
d) believes that cultural exchange programs are a way to promote international understanding

Which statement is most accurate about the economy of the United States during the 1970’s and early 1980’s?
a) The increased cost of imported oil hurt economic growth.
b) The Federal budget was balanced.
c) Inflation declined sharply throughout these years .
d) The number of jobs in farming increased while service jobs decreased.

The Camp David accords negotiated during President Jimmy Carter’s administration were an attempt to
a) decrease United States control of the Panama Canal
b) encourage the use of solar and other nonpolluting energy sources
c) end inflationary oil prices
d) establish peace in the Middle East

The Washington Naval Conference of 1921-22 and the SALT talks of the 1970’s between the United States and the Soviet Union both reflect the belief that
a) civil wars within nations can create international hostilities
b) escalating military buildups are one of the causes of war
c) cultural exchange programs can reduce world tensions
d) rivalry between nations over the control of natural resources is the major cause of conflict

President Nixon Plans Trip to China To Meet with Chairman Mao President Carter Signs New Panama Canal Treaty President Clinton Concludes Trade Agreement with Japan Each headline illustrates an action of a President fulfilling his role as
a) head of his political party
b) Commander in Chief
c) chief diplomat
d) chief legislator

Which factor contributed most to inflation in the United States during the 1970s?
a) high tariffs
b) oil embargoes
c) tax increases
d) high unemployment

“. . . Our decision about energy will test the character of the American people and the ability of the President and the Congress to govern. This difficult effort will be the ‘moral equivalent of war’ President Carter put these ideas into practice by
a) halting construction of nuclear power plants
b) increasing imports of foreign oil
c) urging the development of alternative fuel sources
d) imposing a price freeze on all petroleum products

Which foreign policy agreement had the most direct influence on the Middle East?
a) Kellogg-Briand Pact
b) Yalta Conference declaration
c) SALT I Treaty
d) Camp David Accords

President Gerald Ford's popularity with the American public fell dramatically as a result of his:
a) pardon of Richard Nixon.
b) handling of the Mayaguez incident.
c) vetoes of large numbers of congressional enactments.
d) appointment of Nelson Rockefeller as vice president.

Which of the following best describes the nation's economy during Carter's final two years in office?
a) modest inflation and stable interest rates
b) modest inflation and declining interest rates
c) rapid inflation and record high interest rates
d) rapid inflation and stable interest rates

The Camp David summit, hosted by President Carter, was a meeting between the leaders of Israel and:
a) Egypt.
b) Libya.
c) Lebanon.
d) the Palestine Liberation Organization.

In November 1979, Iranian militants took over the U.S. embassy in Teheran and held fifty-three embassy personnel hostage for more than a year. The immediate provocation for their act was the fact that the Carter administration:
a) began to support Iraq in its war with Iran.
b) refused to recognize Iran's new regime.
c) attempted to restore the pro-American Shah to power in Iran.
d) allowed the exiled former Shah of Iran to enter the United States.

In response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (1979), President Carter did three of the following. Which is the exception?
a) He imposed economic sanctions on the Soviet Union.
b) He called for a boycott of the 1980 Olympics in Moscow.
c) He withdrew SALT II from consideration by the Senate.
d) He invoked the SEATO treaty, by which member nations were to confer with one another in case of attack.

The rapid population growth in the Sunbelt shifted political power to the region and tended to strengthen which political viewpoint?
a) conservative, antigovernment
b) liberal, government activist
c) moderate, middle-of-the-road
d) none of the above; effect basically neutral

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