Environmental Science Review Question Preview (ID: 197)

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An environment can support only as many organisms as the available energy, minerals, and oxygen will allow. Which term is best described by this statement?
a) carrying capacity
b) consumers
c) biodiversity
d) niche

Knowing the type of food consumed by an organism helps to identify the role of the organism in the community. This role is known as its
a) niche
b) feeding habits
c) ecosystem
d) habitat

Which type of organism obtains energy only from producers?
a) herbivore
b) producer
c) omnivore
d) carnivore

The main factor that determines what type of plants grow in a biome is
a) temperature
b) both a and b
c) altitude
d) precipitation

What type of population in the world is growing most rapidly currently?
a) Urban in less developed countries
b) Urban in developed countries
c) Rural in less developed countries
d) Rural in developed countries

If you visited a savanna, you would likely see
a) large herds of grazing animals, such as rhinos, zebras and giraffes
b) a coastal ecosystem
c) large dense forest
d) ice and snow

Which of the following is NOT a strategy that would reduce population size?
a) limiting education for women
b) family planning classes
c) legal punishments
d) economic incentives

The ozone layer is located in the
a) stratosphere
b) thermosphere
c) troposphere
d) mesosphere

The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere would greatly increase if there were fewer
a) plants
b) other gases
c) ultraviolet rays
d) animals

Which of the following are most likely to be the pioneer organisms on an area of bare rock?
a) lichens
b) trees
c) shrubs
d) grasses

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