US History Games - Immigration - North Carolina Social Studies 8: Question Preview (ID: 19690)

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At the turn of the century, why did most immigrants to the United States settle in cities?
a) Jobs were readily available.
b) Government relief programs required immigrants to settle in cities.
c) Labor union leaders encouraged unrestricted immigration.
d) Immigrants were not permitted to buy farmland.

Which statement about immigration to the United States during the 19th century is most valid?
a) Organized labor supported unlimited immigration.
b) Most immigrants to the United States were illegal aliens.
c) Industrial growth led to a demand for cheap immigrant labor.
d) Few immigrants came from western Europe.

America’s strength lies in its diversity. Many immigrant groups have joined the mainstream of American life, while maintaining their languages, religions, and traditions. This has made the United States a strong nation. The author supports -
a) nativism
b) ethnocentrism
c) cultural pluralism
d) limited social mobility

In the late 19th century, the pattern of United States immigration changed in that
a) far fewer immigrants arrived in the United States than in previous years
b) most immigrants chose to settle in the rural, farming regions of the western United States
c) increasing numbers of immigrants came from eastern and southern Europe
d) most immigrants were political refugees

Which statement about immigration to the United States is most accurate?
a) The desire for economic advancement has been a major reason for immigration to the United States
b) The ethnic mix of immigrants to the United States has remained mostly unchanged.
c) The number of immigrants has remained constant in each decade during most of United States history.
d) Nearly all immigrants have easily assimilated into American culture.

What was the experience of most of the “new immigrants” who arrived in the United States from southern and eastern Europe in the late 1800s and early 1900s?
a) They lived in urban areas and most held lowpaying jobs.
b) They obtained free land in the West and became farmers.
c) They became discouraged with America and returned to their homelands.
d) They were easily assimilated into mainstream American culture.

The intent of the United States immigration laws of the 1920s was to
a) increase economic opportunities for recent immigrants
b) encourage cultural diversity
c) restore an open-door policy toward immigration
d) restrict immigration through the use of quotas

Between 1890 and 1915, the majority of immigrants to the United States were labeled “new immigrants” because they were
a) considered physically and mentally superior to earlier immigrants
b) forced to settle in the cities of the Midwest
c) from China, Japan, and other Asian countries
d) culturally different from most earlier immigrants

Which expression most accurately illustrates the concept of nativism?
a) “Help Wanted — Irish Need Not Apply”
b) “Go West, young man.”
c) “America — first in war and peace”
d) “The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself.”

Over the past twenty years, an objective of United States immigration policy has been to
a) reduce the number of illegal immigrants
b) keep out immigrants from former communist nations
c) return to an open immigration policy
d) encourage emigration from Western Europe

In the late 19th century, the major argument used by labor union leaders against immigrants was that immigrants
a) contributed little to enrich American life
b) refused to assimilate into American culture
c) took jobs from United States citizens
d) placed financial drains on social services

Between 1880 and 1900, most immigrants coming to the United States settled in the cities along the east coast because
a) many factory jobs were available in the East
b) little farmland remained to be settled in the Midwest
c) most immigrants came from the cities of Europe
d) city laws afforded special rights and protections for immigrants

Why did the United States follow a policy of open immigration during much of the 1800s?
a) Many United States citizens wanted to live abroad.
b) The United States had a shortage of labor.
c) Prosperous conditions in Europe resulted in fewer immigrants coming to the United States.
d) Immigrants provided United States industry with investment capital.

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, where did most of the immigrants to the United States settle?
a) urban centers of the Northeast
b) plantations of the New South
c) mining areas of the Far West
d) farming regions of the Great Plains

The Gentlemen’s Agreement, literacy tests, and the quota system were all attempts by Congress to restrict
a) immigration
b) property ownership
c) voting rights
d) access to public education

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