US History Games - Federalist Era - 1st Years Of US - NC Social Studies 8: Question Preview (ID: 19677)

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One factor that led to the formation of the first two political parties in the United States in the 1790s was the conflict over the
a) distribution of power between the federal and state governments
b) spread of slavery into the western territories
c) control of interstate commerce
d) acquisition of lands from France and Spain

Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan helped to establish the credit of the United States government by
a) providing for the payment of the nation’s debts
b) taxing only the people most able to pay
c) favoring agriculture over industry
d) encouraging spending for national defense

“It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is. . . .” — Marbury v. Madison, 1803 This statement expresses the Supreme Court’s claim that
a) courts must abide by a strict interpretation of the Constitution
b) federal laws must be approved by the courts before they can take effect
c) the judicial branch must have a role in the amendment process
d) the power of judicial review belongs to the courts

Alexander Hamilton urged Congress to pass a protective tariff to encourage the growth of
a) labor unions
b) manufacturing
c) agriculture
d) slavery

What was the result of many of the Supreme Court decisions made under Chief Justice John Marshall between 1801 and 1835?
a) The system of slavery was weakened.
b) The federal government was strengthened.
c) The rights of workers were supported.
d) Antitrust laws were upheld.

The significance of the Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison is that the decision
a) advanced civil rights for minorities
b) upheld the constitutionality of a national bank
c) limited Presidential control of foreign policy
d) established the power of judicial review

Our true policy is to steer clear of permanent alliances . . . . President Washington made this statement to warn against United States involvement in
a) European military conflicts
b) international trade
c) the race for overseas colonies
d) westward expansion

Which speaker best describes the basic foreign policy of the United States until the late 1800’s?
a) Speaker A:We must take action even if we are not sure it will work. To do nothing to stop them would be a mistake.
b) Speaker B:We must recognize the increasing interdependence of nations and join the United Nations.
c) Speaker C:Stopping the spread of communism can and must take several forms. We must be willing to do whatever is necessary.
d) Speaker D:Involvement in European affairs would be a mistake. We shouldn't jeopardize our peace and over European issues.

Alexander Hamilton’s argument that the government has the power to create a National Bank is based on which part of the Constitution?
a) the Preamble
b) the elastic clause
c) guarantees to the States
d) the Bill of Rights

Actions and policies of the Government under President George Washington generally resulted in the
a) establishment of strong political ties with other nations
b) liberation of many enslaved persons
c) failure to create a sound financial program for the country
d) strengthening of the Federal Government

A major reason the Antifederalists opposed the ratification of the United States Constitution was because the Constitution
a) improve the economic position of the United States government
b) help state governments collect taxes
c) make loans available to owners of small farms
d) reduce foreign investment in the United States

One major reason that Alexander Hamilton proposed a national bank was to
a) created a national bank
b) lacked a provision for a federal court system
c) failed to provide for the direct election of members of the House of Representatives
d) changed the balance of power between the state and national governments

President George Washington pursued a foreign policy of neutrality during his administration primarily because he believed that
a) the United States needed time to gain economic and military strength
b) the United States needed time to gain economic and military strength
c) the United States should not expand by force
d) alliances should be established with both France and England

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