Weather: Question Preview (ID: 19144)

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Clouds are classified mainly by shape and _____________.
a) color
b) height
c) temperature
d) amount of water vapor

Which process is not part of the water cycle?
a) conservation
b) transpiration
c) condensation
d) precipitation

Which layer of the atmosphere experiences the highest temperature?
a) troposphere
b) stratosphere
c) mesosphere
d) thermosphere

What is one way that water vapor enters the atmosphere?
a) runoff
b) precipitation
c) condensation
d) evaporation

Which is a form of oxygen in the stratosphere?
a) ice
b) argon
c) ozone
d) smog

In which two layers of the atmosphere does the temperature decrease with increasing altitude?
a) troposphere and stratosphere
b) mesosphere and thermosphere
c) troposphere and mesosphere
d) stratosphere and thermosphere

A(n) ____________ shows weather conditions at one specific location.
a) isobar
b) isotherm
c) cloud map
d) station model

The jet stream bends and changes position as it moves around Earth. With its high winds, it can bring an air mass from Canada to the United States. When the jet stream bends to the south with that Canadian air mass, how will the weather change?
a) It gets cooler
b) It gets warmer
c) It rains a lot
d) It snows everywhere

What is the correct or of layers in the atmosphere from Earth's surface into outer space?
a) Exosphere, Thermosphere, Mesosphere, Stratosphere, Troposphere
b) Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere
c) Thermosphere, Exosphere, Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere
d) Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere, Troposphere

___________ are important because weather systems move along their paths.
a) Oceans currents
b) Warm fronts
c) Jet streams
d) Sea breezes

Tropical weather systems-- for example, hurricanes--are moved in the direction of the tradewinds. What direction would that be?
a) east to west
b) west to east
c) northwest to southwest
d) south to north

__________ and the spinning of Earth act together to drive the surface currents of the oceans.
a) Air masses
b) Hurricanes
c) Global winds
d) Greenhouse effects

The _____________ is the source of all energy in Earth's atmosphere
a) Moon
b) water cycle
c) carbon cycle
d) Sun

As air in Earth's atmosphere is heated by the Sun, the warmer air expands and becomes less dense than the cooler air. As a result, the warmer air rises and the cooler air sinks. This cycle of warm air rising and cool air sinking is called _________.
a) climate
b) surface currents
c) weather
d) convection currents

Which is NOT what happens to solar energy that reaches Earth?
a) Some is absorbed by the atmosphere.
b) Some is changed into water vapor.
c) Some is absorbed by Earth's surface.
d) Some is reflected by clouds.

Energy from the Sun heats Earth's surface. The heat then rises from Earth's surface and the gases in the atmosphere reflect the heat back to Earth. This process is called ____________.
a) convection
b) the greenhouse effect
c) radiation
d) conduction

In which layer of the atmosphere is atmospheric pressure the greatest?
a) troposphere
b) stratosphere
c) mesosphere
d) thermosphere

In the atmosphere there is a layer of gas called ozone. This ozone is important because it ______________.
a) moves the global wind belts
b) keeps Earth warm
c) absorbs carbon dioxide gas from cars
d) absorbs ultraviolet rays from the Sun

Cloudy rainy weather usually indicates an area of _______________ pressure.
a) rising
b) high
c) low
d) steady

Which is the correct process for a cold front?
a) Warm air mass moves in on a cold air mass and rises to form a cloud
b) A warm air mass rises between one cold air mass and one cooler air mass to form a cloud
c) A cold air mass moves in on a warm air mass. The warm air rises and forms a cloud
d) A cold air mass moves in on a warm air mass and both won't move for several days forming many clouds.

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