Weather And Climate: Question Preview (ID: 19105)


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Which are the two main types of climate in California
a) coastal and highland
b) mediterranean and highland
c) mediterranean and arid
d) mediterranean and tropical

El Nino is caused by
a) abnormally warm waters near the equator in the Atlantic ocean
b) abnormally cold waters near the equator in the Atlantic ocean
c) abnormally warm waters near the equator in the Pacific ocean
d) abnormally cold waters near the equator in the Pacific ocean

Low pressure systems are associated with
a) fair weather
b) stormy weather
c) unpredictable weather
d) El Nino

High pressure systems are associated with
a) fair weather
b) stormy weather
c) unpredictable weather
d) El Nino

A COLD FRONT often causes
a) cold air to rise
b) El Nino
c) severe storms
d) fair weather

Low pressure systems are formed when
a) cold air sinks
b) cold air rises
c) warm air sinks
d) warm air rises

The water cycle is driven by
a) the sun
b) the tilt of the earth
c) global warming
d) climate

High pressure systems are formed when
a) cold air sinks
b) cold air rises
c) warm air sinks
d) warm air rises

Temperature measures the __________ of air molecules
a) speed
b) size
c) location
d) type

Weather refers to the conditions of the atmosphere ____________
a) at a specific time and place
b) over a long period of time
c) over a short period of time
d) at a specific temperature

Which is these is NOT a weather factor?
a) precipitation
b) temperature
c) wind speed
d) water pressure

Sea breezes are caused by _________.
a) cold fronts
b) convection currents
c) seasons
d) warm fronts

Which is NOT part of the water cycle?
a) run off of precipitation into streams, lake, and oceans
b) evaporation of water from Earth's surface
c) formation of mountain breezes
d) formation of precipitation

The amount of solar radiation that strikes a part of the earth depends on the _________ of the region
a) temperature
b) latitude
c) pressure
d) climate

Which process is NOT part of the water cycle?
a) condensation
b) evaporation
c) transpiration
d) elevation

Which of the following is NOT a type of precipitation
a) snow
b) hail
c) fog
d) sleet

Why do warm air currents and ocean currents begin near the equator?
a) The equator receives the most direct sunlight.
b) Because all currents, warm and cool, begin near the equator
c) Scientists are still unsure.
d) Because cool air rises and warm air sinks.

Which breeze generally results during daytime due to temperature differences between the ocean and the land?
a) mountain breeze
b) valley breeze
c) sea breeze
d) land breeze

Large bodies of water can cause areas to be __________ in the winter and __________ in the summer.
a) cooler; warmer
b) warmer; cooler
c) cooler; humid
d) warmer; cloudier

Climate is the pattern of _________ in an area over many years.
a) weather
b) plant life
c) rain
d) sun

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