Plants PASS Review: Question Preview (ID: 19078)

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Some types of fungi cause a disease called rust. Plants infected with rust develop small blisters on the underside of their leaves that produce millions of spores that can reproduce. What is one way to prevent the spread of rust?
a) Remove the infected leaves.
b) Keep the soil moist.
c) Collect the spores from blisters.
d) Keep infected plants in the shade.

Some fungus grows in the vascular system of plants. How is the plant affected if its vascular system is harmed?
a) There is no harm to the plant.
b) The vascular system cannot transport water.
c) Other parts of the plant will take over the functions of the vascular system.
d) The plant will use the fungus as additional food and grow faster.

Mildew is a disease caused by fungi that grow on the surface of a plant. Infected leaves may turn yellowish brown and fall off. On some plants, mildew grows better in shady conditions. What is one way to avoid mildew growth on these plants?
a) Water the plants every day.
b) Add fertilizer to the plant's water.
c) Place the plants in direct sunlight.
d) Let the soil dry thoroughly before watering

Some plants exhibit thigmotropism. Examples of thigmotropism include an ivy vine growing up the side of a house and a pea plant coiling its trendils around a post. Which is the best explanation of thigmotropism?
a) plant growth in response to contact with a solid object
b) root growth toward the center of gravity
c) root growth toward water
d) plant growth toward light

Trees grow rapidly during the summer months when there are long days of direct sunlight. As the days get shorter and the amount of sunlight is reduced, trees begin _____________.
a) to die
b) to store water
c) to rest and become inactive
d) to make large quantities of food

Plants have chlorophyll. The chlorophyll usually helps the plants by ___________.
a) disguising the plants from predators
b) protecting the plants from sunlight
c) capturing energy from sunlight
d) absorbing oxygen from the air

Which is produced as a result of sexual reproduction in flowering plants?
a) buds
b) seeds
c) runners
d) bulbs

Plants absorb water in the soil through their roots and pump this water up to deliver nutrients to their leaves. This pumping is driven by evaporation of water through small pores on the undersides of leaves. What is this process called?
a) transpiration
b) germination
c) respiration
d) pollination

Toshiko wants to determine what type of reproduction a particular plant undergoes. She finds that all of the plant's offspring are identical to the original parent plant. She determines that this plant reproduces _________.
a) through pollination
b) sexually
c) using fertilization
d) asexually

Which statement describes what happens during the germination stage of a flowering plant?
a) Light energy is used to make sugars that can be used as food.
b) Male sperm cells move down a tube to join with the ovule in the ovary.
c) The nucleus divides to form two identical nuclei.
d) The seed coat breaks open and a root begins to grow.

The structure that functions as the main food producer for the survival of the plant is the __________.
a) stem
b) flower
c) leaf
d) root

During fruit production, which part of a flowering plant develops into a fruit?
a) ovule
b) egg
c) stigma
d) ovary

The main function of a flower is _____________.
a) defense
b) food production
c) reproduction
d) respiration

Which is one way some plants have adapted to survive in the desert?
a) They have many small leaves.
b) They grow extremely long roots.
c) They produce their food at night when it is cooler.
d) They eat insects as well as carry on photosynthesis

Into which sequence would monocot plants be classified?
a) nonvascular, spore-producing,flowering
b) vascular, seed-producing, cone-bearing
c) vascular, seed-producing, flowering
d) flowering, spore=producing, flowering

Organisms of the same genus are also part of the next larger group called
a) species
b) phylum
c) family
d) order

Plants that have tubelike structures that carry nutrients throughout the plant are called
a) liverworts
b) vascular
c) mosses
d) nonvascular

Which is NOT a characteristic of all living things?
a) have muscles for movement
b) must reproduce
c) use energy
d) respond to stimuli

The system of assigning two names to identify an organism is called binomial nomenclature. The first name corresponds to an organism's _____________.
a) family
b) genus
c) kingdom
d) species

Though they do not eat other things the way animals do, plants still need food to survive. Where does a plant get energy for making food?
a) from the soil
b) from sunlight
c) from water
d) from air

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