The Immune System Part 1: Question Preview (ID: 18758)

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An infectious disease is a disease that
a) can be spread only by bacteria.
b) cannot be cured.
c) is caught because the weather turns cold.
d) is caused by pathogens.

How do breathing passages help keep pathogens out of the body?
a) Phagocytes in the breathing passages destroy pathogens.
b) Mucus and cilia trap pathogens.
c) Chemicals kill some pathogens.
d) They produce antibodies that kill pathogens.

What type of white blood cells are part of the inflammatory response?
a) T cells
b) cilia
c) phagocytes
d) B cells

Antibodies destroy pathogens by
a) infecting T cells.
b) breaking the cell membranes of pathogens.
c) binding to antigens on the pathogens.
d) destroying phagocytes.

How does the body acquire active immunity to a disease without getting the disease?
a) by means of the inflammatory response
b) by means of passive immunity
c) through vaccination
d) through an allergic reaction

Newborn babies have passive immunity to many diseases because
a) babies are given antibiotics immediately after birth.
b) babies have antibodies that were produced by their mothers’ bodies.
c) babies are vaccinated immediately after birth.
d) babies’ T cells are more active than those of adults.

A disorder in which the immune system is overly sensitive to a substance not normally found in the body is called
a) diabetes.
b) an allergy.
c) an antibody.
d) a carcinogen.

If a person’s pancreas does not produce enough insulin, the person has
a) a disease caused by bacteria.
b) AIDS.
c) diabetes.
d) allergies.

Radiation treatment kills cancer cells by
a) taking X-ray photographs of the tumor.
b) exposing the cancer cells to sunlight.
c) killing cancer cells with high-energy waves.
d) using drugs that kill cancer cells but do not harm healthy body cells.

Which of the following is NOT part of the inflammatory response?
a) Chemicals may cause a fever.
b) Swelling increases blood flow to the infected area.
c) White blood cells destroy pathogens.
d) Antibodies are produced.

The molecules on pathogens that enable the immune system to distinguish one kind of pathogen from another are called
a) antigens.
b) antibodies.
c) B molecules.
d) T molecules.

When a person’s own immune system produces antibodies in response to the presence of a pathogen, that person has
a) passive immunity.
b) active immunity.
c) an allergic reaction.
d) an antibiotic.

What does the pancreas produce that is necessary for the body cells to take in and use glucose?
a) Antigen
b) Viruses
c) Blood
d) Insulin

What are colds and tuberculosis examples of since they are caused by a living thing within the body?
a) Infectious disease
b) Lymphocyte
c) Noninfectious disease
d) Fungus

What happens to viruses when they enter living cells?
a) Cleans the cells
b) Repairs cells
c) Shrinks and damages cells
d) Reproduces and destroys cells

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