Weathering Erosion Practice: Question Preview (ID: 18558)


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Which is the best example of mechanical weathering?
a) Lichen growing on a rock
b) Metal rusting
c) Layers of stone on a statue flaking off because of acid rain
d) Layers of rock flaking off because of expansion and contraction

Living organisms can weather rock both mechanically and chemically.
a) True
b) False
c) Bubblegum
d) Pizza

Which of the following is an example of chemical weathering?
a) Carbonation forming underground caves
b) Abrasion forming the Grand Canyon
c) Exfoliation causing rocks to flake off in layers
d) Ice wedging into cracks

What effect did the eruption of Mount St. Helens have on its surrounding environment?
a) A massive landslide destroyed most of the ecosystem
b) All the gophers became extinct
c) Lava covered the entire area
d) The ashes caused the trees to grow back twice as fast

Natural disasters like volcanic eruptions and forest fires can serve an ecological purpose.
a) True
b) False
c) Banana
d) Potato

What is the process that describes weathered material moving to a new location?
a) Erosion
b) Deposition
c) Oxidation
d) Abrasion

All of the following are examples of erosion except -
a) An icy winter causes a sidewalk to crack
b) A flood washes soil downstream
c) A glacier picks up boulders as it moves
d) The wind in a desert carrying sand to a new location

What is NOT an agent of erosion?
a) Gravity
b) Water
c) Wind
d) Temperature

What is the force behind mass movements?
a) Gravity
b) Ice movment
c) Potential energy
d) Flowing water

Why is karst topography dangerous?
a) Sinkholes can easily form
b) Mudflows are common
c) Sand dunes form quickly
d) Risk of avalanche is high

How do glaciers contribute to erosion?
a) The energy in the glacier breaks down the sediment
b) The acids in the glacier dissolves the sediment
c) The ice in the glacier picks up the sediment and carries it away
d) Glaciers only contribute to weathering, not erosion

Landslides and creeps are examples of -
a) Runoff
b) Mass movement
c) Chemical weathering
d) Mechanical weathering

Which agent of erosion can form sand dunes?
a) Wind
b) Waves
c) Running water
d) Glaciers

What is runoff?
a) Water that soaks into the soil
b) Water that is not absorbed by the ground
c) What you do when someone chases you
d) Excess snow forming glaciers

Abrasion, exfoliation, and ice wedging are all examples of chemical weathering.
a) True
b) False
c) Chocolate
d) Vanilla

Oxidation, carbonation, and hydrolysis are all examples of mechanical weathering.
a) True
b) False
c) Butter
d) Popcorn

Suppose your favorite rock begins to show signs of oxidation. Which action is the most likely to slow down that process?
a) Keep it away from acid rain
b) Store it in hot water
c) Put it somewhere cool and dry
d) Scrape off the outer layer of rock

What does the fox say?
a) Moo
b) Meow
c) Ring ding ding ding ding ding ding ding ding
d) You went too far, go back

What type of material is carried farthest by running water?
a) Rocks
b) Gravel
c) Sand
d) Silt

Which of the following is evidence an area was once covered by a glacier?
a) V-shaped valley
b) Sinkholes
c) U-shaped valley
d) Sand dunes

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