Wetlands And Estuaries Question Preview (ID: 1844)

Basic Vocabulary And Facts Related To These Environments.

Water that is partly salty and partly fresh is called
a) brackish
b) runoff
c) wetland
d) watershed

An example of coastal inlets or bays where fresh water mixes with salty ocean water:
a) head of the Colorado River
b) pond
c) watersheds
d) Chesapeake Bay

Plants and animals that may be found in the Everglades wetlands:
a) Platypus, mulberry bush, flamingo
b) American alligator, sawgrass, flamingo
c) Blue crab, cranberry bog, polar bear
d) Anglerfish, plankton, Arctic tern

Wetlands control floods by
a) allowing water to pass through quickly
b) heating the water up to quicken evaporation
c) absorbing, or soaking up, the extra runoff
d) having a large plant and animal population

A true statement about wetlands is
a) water is present all year long
b) water is found in a shallow layer
c) a wetland must be at least 1 square kilometer
d) only fresh water makes a wetland

Wetlands must be protected because
a) they decrease pollution by filtering water
b) they are a soggy soil wasteland
c) very few animals live in wetlands anymore
d) very few species of plants are found in wetlands

Mangrove and cypress trees are unusual because
a) they only grow in cold climates
b) their roots grow partly above ground
c) they cannot grow in swamps and other watery environments
d) they are different names for the same plant

What statement is FALSE about pollutants and the Chesapeake Bay?
a) Pollutants flush out of the Bay quickly, due to the ocean tides
b) It can take many years for ocean tides to flush out pollutants
c) Pollutants change the water quality for the worse
d) Pollutants found in an estuary may come from anywhere in the C.B. watershed

What is NOT true of both an estuary and a wetland?
a) They provide habitats for many endangered animals
b) The Eastern Shore is home to these environments
c) Pollution no longer is a concern
d) People must protect these environments from pollution and contamination

What are three common types of wetlands?
a) Marshes, swamps, and bogs
b) Marshes, estuaries, and swamps
c) Groundwater, estuaries, and bogs
d) Aquifer, bogs, and marshes

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