Final Exam Review # 3: Question Preview (ID: 18395)

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Which body system is responsible for the movement of plasma and cells to all regions of the body?
a) Heart
b) Circulatory
c) Respiratory
d) Arteries

Proteases, which break down proteins, and lipases which break down lipids, are used by the digestive system to break down food for absorption into the blood. Since protease and lipase speed up the rate of the reactions they are called
a) Phospholipids
b) Enzymes
c) Glucosides
d) Lysosomes

Human organs and organ systems strive to maintain a stable internal environment. Which term best describes this condition?
a) Anabolic
b) Abiotic
c) Homozygous
d) Homeostasis

Which type of population would most likely have a lot of variation and would therefore have the greatest chance of surviving in a changing environment?
a) Large population
b) Small population
c) Endangered species
d) Abiotic population

The genetic differences that exist between individuals of the same species is called
a) Homogeneity
b) Variation
c) Overproduction
d) Oscillation

The rate of reproduction within a species can greatly influence the rate of
a) Evolution
b) Vaccination
c) Menstruation
d) Locomotion

What term describes the percentage of alleles for a specific characteristic?
a) Allele Diploidy
b) Allele Frequency
c) Allele Mutation
d) Allelic Diversity

The first living organisms on earth were
a) Eukaryotic
b) Dinosaurs
c) Prokaryotic
d) People

Analyzing the change in species over time by looking at fossils in sedimentary rock provides evidence for
a) Lactation
b) Electrophoresis
c) Cell Differentiation
d) Evolution

What process was proposed by Darwin to explain the evolution of new species?
a) Natural selection
b) Transgenic manipulation
c) Alternation of generations
d) Inheritance of acquired characteristics

The central dogma of biology says that DNA is used to make RNA and then RNA is used to make
a) Nuclei
b) Genes
c) Proteins
d) Carboxylic acids

What technique is used when DNA is cut by an enzyme and then moved along an electrical gradient and arranged by size of fragment?
a) Genetic engineering
b) Gel electrophoresis
c) Chromatography
d) DNA replication

During DNA replication the nucleotide cytosine pairs with the nucleotide
a) Guanine
b) Adenine
c) Thymine
d) Uracil

During DNA replication, the two strands of DNA are unzipped by the breaking of this type of weak bond that exists between complementary base pairs.
a) Covalent
b) Matrimonial
c) Hydrogen
d) Ionic

During DNA replication the nucleotide adenine pairs with the nucleotide
a) Guanine
b) Cytosine
c) Thymine
d) Uracil

Which process creates identical copies of a cell’s DNA
a) Meiosis
b) DNA replication
c) Homeostasis
d) DyNAmic Equilibrium

Chromosomes are made of small segments of DNA code called
a) Viruses
b) Genes
c) mRNA
d) Transcription factors

Genes that can be activated by factors that can change such as temperature or light are regulated by
a) Environmental factors
b) Parental investment
c) Natural selection
d) Viral DNA

Which term would describe the blood that is being carried from the right side of the heart to the lungs, via the pulmonary artery?
a) Oxygenated
b) Ventriculated
c) Osmoregulated
d) Deoxygenated

Which term would describe the blood that is being carried from the left side of the heart to the cells of the body?
a) Deoxygenated
b) Oxygenated
c) Ventriculated
d) Osmoregulated

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