Trimester 2 Review Question Preview (ID: 17826)

Review For The Trimester 2 Final.

What is the slowest type of mass movement?
a) a slump
b) a rockfall
c) an earthflow
d) creep

Resources that can be replenished over a relatively short time span are called
a) fossil fuels
b) renewable resources
c) nonrenewable resources
d) mineral resources

What would cause the inscription on a marble gravestone to become harder and harder to read over time?
a) frost wedging
b) mechanical weathering
c) exfoliation
d) chemical weathering

One kind of evidence that supports Wegener's hypothesis is that
a) the same magnetic directions exist on different continents
b) major rivers on different continents match
c) land bridges still exist that connect major continents
d) fossils of the same organism have been found on different continents

Whenever the characteristics and chemical composition of weathered materials have been altered, they have undergone
a) chemical weathering
b) mechanical weathering
c) mass movement
d) frost wedging

What are the boundaries called that seperate streams in adjacent drainage basins?
a) mountain ranges
b) divides
c) valleys
d) levees

Which type of rock usually underlies a karst landscape?
a) limestone
b) granite
c) basalt
d) shale

Volcanic island arcs are associated with what type of plate boundary?
a) divergent boundary
b) convergent oceanic-continental boundary
c) convergent continental-continental boundary
d) convergent oceanic-oceanic boundary

A cavern is an underground chamber formed by
a) erosion
b) deposition
c) evaporation
d) runoff

The vertical drop of a stream channel over a certain distance is called
a) discharge
b) channel roughness
c) gradient
d) runoff

Which of the following affects the rate of weathering?
a) climate
b) chemical composition of the exposed rock
c) surface area of the exposed rock
d) all of the above

Renewable resources
a) can be replenished over months, years, or decades
b) are all living resources
c) have finite supplies that will one day be used up
d) include iron, natural gas, and copper

The resistance of a mineral to being scratched is called
a) streak
b) fracture
c) hardness
d) cleavage

Springs form where
a) there is no water table
b) flooding makes streams overflow their banks
c) groundwater sinks into the soil
d) the water table intersects the ground surface

The supercontinent in the continental drift hypothesis was called
a) Panthalassa
b) Pangea
c) Mesosaurus
d) Africa

As the rate of cooling of igneous rocks increases, the size of the crystals that form
a) decreases
b) increases
c) is not affected
d) cannot be determined

Balance in the water cycle means that
a) the average annual precipitation over Earth equals the amount of water that evaporates
b) water that falls to Earth only centers oceans
c) the amount of water that falls to Earth weighs the same as the amount that condenses in clouds
d) water that evaporates from Earth's surface remains forever in the atmosphere

What is the force behind mass movement?
a) the suns energy
b) flowing water
c) gravity
d) moving ice

Minerals are classified by
a) color
b) composition
c) density
d) size

The ability of a stream to erode and transport material depends largely on its
a) width
b) length
c) velocity
d) density

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