Fossils Chapter 10 Section 1: Question Preview (ID: 17722)

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What is a fossil?
a) any dead organism
b) the preserved remains or traces of an organism
c) a perfect copy of a rock
d) an unusual type of rock

How do most fossils form?
a) Living things die and their remains are buried by sediments
b) The hard parts of an organism dry out in the air
c) The soft parts of an organism change to stone
d) Freezing preserves the remains of an organism

A fossil formed when minerals replace all or part of an organism is called a
a) mold
b) petrified fossil
c) cast
d) trace fossil

Which type of fossil can provide clues about the activities of ancient organisms?
a) trace fossils
b) remains preserved in amber
c) carbon films
d) molds and casts

In which type of fossil might you find the remains of an insect preserved with little or no change?
a) trace fossil
b) replacement fossil
c) mold
d) fossil in amber

The fossil record shows that life on Earth has changed over time. For example, paleontologists have found that older rocks contain fossils of
a) organisms that are more complex than those alive today.
b) both simple and complex organisms
c) only organisms that are alive today
d) organisms that are simpler than those alive today

A type of organism that no longer exists on Earth is said to be
a) fossilized
b) sedimentary
c) extinct
d) petrified

A ____ fossil forms when dissolved minerals replace the remains of an organism and then harden to form rock.
a) mold
b) petrified
c) trace
d) carbon film

A scientist who studies fossils is called a
a) fossilogist
b) archaelogist
c) botonist
d) paleontologist

Scientist know how groups of animals changed over time by studying information contained in the
a) rock record
b) fossil record
c) fossil table
d) rock table

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