EDU 1010 Chapter Three - Student Diversity: Question Preview (ID: 17602)

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Instruction designed to meet the unique needs of students with exceptionalities is best described as:
a) mainstreaming.
b) inclusion.
c) ability grouping.
d) special education.

Of the following, the description that most closely relates to mainstreaming is:
a) parents are guaranteed involvement in all aspects of the evaluation of their children.
b) students with exceptionalities must be placed in environments as close to the regular classroom as possible.
c) minorities must have a mainstream form of test, rather than an I.Q. test as the basis for placement.
d) all school age children with exceptionalities must be provided free public education.

Functional limitations or an inability to perform a certain act, such as hear or walk are best described as:
a) disabilities.
b) exceptionalities.
c) behavior disorders.
d) cognitive deficits.

Which of the following would be Gardner’s primary criticism of existing intelligence tests?
a) They are too difficult for most students.
b) They are culturally biased against certain minorities.
c) They are not developmentally appropriate.
d) They ignore certain important dimensions.

Of the following, based on research, which is the most valid implication of learning style research for the way we teach?
a) We should be aware that students are different and vary the way we teach.
b) We should try to match our instruction to the individual learning styles of our students.
c) We should assess our students’ learning styles and group students according to the assessment results.
d) We should try to do as much cooperative learning as possible because co-op learning capitalizes on learning style differences

The statement, “the ability to learn, to deal with abstractions, and to solve problems,” most closely relates to a description of:
a) intelligence.
b) learning style.
c) field dependence/independence.
d) impulsiveness and reflectiveness.

Which of the following statements most accurately describes teachers’ interaction patterns with boys and girls?
a) Teachers ask boys more questions than girls.
b) Teachers ask girls more questions than boys.
c) Girls initiate more questions than do boys, so teachers interact with them more often.
d) Teachers treat boys and girls nearly the same.

Which of the following is the most commonly cited criticism of single-gender schools?
a) Girls in single-gender schools take fewer science courses than they take in traditional school settings.
b) Boys in single-gender schools have higher levels of character development than do boys in traditional school settings.
c) Girls in single-gender schools are more apt to assume leadership roles that are often reserved for boys in traditional school
d) Both boys and girls develop more gender-stereotyped attitudes of the opposite sex than they develop in traditional schools.

With respect to genetic differences between boys and girls that could impact their learning in various subjects, which of the following is most accurate according to research?
a) Boys are innately superior in math but are innately inferior in reading.
b) Girls are innately superior in elementary school but fall behind later.
c) Girls are innately superior in most subjects but are discriminated against in school.
d) Innate differences between boys and girls are very small.

Which of the following is NOT true of research on gender differences?
a) Males are more likely to be found in remedial and special education classes.
b) Males score lower on tests such as the SAT and ACT.
c) Females receive higher grades in school.
d) Females earn proportionally more bachelors and masters degrees.

One type of EL program is called immersion. When using immersion:
a) teachers instruct learners only in their native tongue.
b) teachers instruct learners only in English.
c) teachers instruct learners in both languages.
d) teachers instruct learners in their native tongue and then transition to English.

Which of the following is NOT considered to be a characteristic of culturally responsive teaching?
a) Accepting and valuing differences among ethnic groups
b) Emphasizing that all ethnic groups are Americans
c) Accommodating different cultural learning styles
d) Building on students' cultural backgrounds

Which of the following is the most accurate description of English Learners (EL’s)?
a) Students who have developed English language proficiency
b) Students whose first language is not English
c) Students who are native English speakers
d) Students who can read English, but cannot yet speak English

The process of socializing cultural minorities so that their behaviors fit the social patterns of the majority is best described as:
a) cultural inversion.
b) assimilation.
c) multicultural education.
d) culturally responsive teaching.

Of the following, the most effective strategy for helping reduce or eliminate the effects of resistance cultures is to:
a) remind students that to succeed in a global economy they must get a good education.
b) tell students that being successful in school doesn’t detract in any way from their cultural identity.
c) expose students to role models that have succeeded while retaining the characteristics of the minority culture.
d) allow students to do written assignments on topics that are related to their cultural heritage.

According to research, which of the following is the most likely perception of cultural minorities who are alienated from school?
a) They feel like they are not smart enough to succeed in school.
b) They feel like they are neither welcome nor do they belong in school.
c) They feel like school is only valuable for extracurricular activities.
d) They feel like they can succeed only if they have wealthy and influential parents.

Which of the following statements best describes “resistance cultures?”
a) Cultural characteristics that detract from a group’s assimilation into American culture
b) Ability differences that detract from a student’s success in school activities
c) Peer values that don’t support, and sometimes actually oppose, school learning
d) Learner exceptionalities that make acquiring certain skills, such as reading, difficult

The attitudes, values, customs, and behavior that characterize a social group is best described as:
a) culture.
b) ethnicity.
c) exceptionalities.
d) socioeconomic status.

A person’s ancestry and the way individuals identify themselves with the nation from which they or their ancestors came is best described as:
a) culture.
b) ethnicity.
c) exceptionalities.
d) socioeconomic status.

A plan created for each student with an exceptionality that has an assessment of the current level of performance, objectives, strategies for progress, schedules for implementing the plan and critieria for evaluating the plan's success is called a(n)
a) individualized education program.
b) special needs outline.
c) exceptionalities development program.
d) program for academic success.

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