The Scientific Revolution And Enlightenment: Question Preview (ID: 17536)

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How did the Declaration of Independence embody Enlightenment ideals?
a) It stated that all titles of nobility should be abolished
b) It protected the rights of the accused and prohibited cruel punishment
c) It set up a system of checks and balances for the U.S. government
d) It said that people have rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness

What was Montesquieu's influence on the U.S. Constitution?
a) public elections
b) branches of government
c) the Bill of Rights
d) representatives

Which of the following were caused by the scientific revolution?
a) the belief that the earth was an unmoving object at the center of the universe
b) improvements in medicine and scientific instruments
c) reliance on ancient authorities to explain the physical world
d) the assumption that the human body was similar tot he anatomy of other animals

The Declaration of Independence was written by
a) John Adams
b) Benjamin Franklin
c) Thomas Jefferson
d) Patrick Henry

European art of the 1600s and early 1700s was dominated by a grand, orante style called
a) neoclassical
b) classical
c) baroque
d) gothic

Francis Bacon helped to develop
a) the microscope
b) the law of the pendulum
c) the scientific method
d) the barometer

Isaac Newton explained the
a) law of universal gravitation
b) anatomy of the human body
c) chemical composition of matter
d) function of blood vessels

In general, the philosophes believed in which of the following
a) expanding women's rights
b) all Church decrees
c) progress for society
d) authoritarian rule

The heliocentric, or sun-centered, theory was proposed by
a) Galileo Galilei
b) Nicolaus Copernicus
c) Francis Bacon
d) Isaac Newton

Which of the following men contradicted the ideas of the U.S. Constitution?
a) Baron de Montesquieu
b) Thomas Hobbes
c) John Locke
d) Denis Diderot

Which of the following reflects the correct sequence of steps used in the scientific process?
a) observation, question, experimentation, hypothesis, conclusion
b) question, experimentation, hypothesis, observation, conclusion
c) question, observation, hypothesis, experimentation, conclusion
d) observation, question, hypothesis, experimentation, conclusion

The philosophes influences Catherine the Greath's
a) architectural plans for her palace
b) military campaign against Poland
c) diplomatic relations with France
d) proposal on reforms to Russia's laws

The Bill of Rights was influenced by
a) Voltaire
b) John Locke
c) Jean Jacques Rousseau
d) all of the above

Which of the following is true of the neoclassical style of art?
a) It emphasized elegance and simplicity
b) It tended to be ornate, highly detailed, and rich in color
c) It was the dominant style of art during the Middle Ages
d) It was based on ideas and themes from ancient Japan

Which of the following did the Enlightenment promote?
a) a belief in progress
b) a more secular outlook
c) faith in science
d) all of the above

What did the American colonists protest as 'taxation without representation'?
a) French and Indian War
b) Navigation Acts
c) Stamp Act
d) import tax on tea

Who argued that women weren't inferior, they were just uneducated?
a) Mr. Turgeon
b) Catherine the Great
c) Mary Wollstonecraft
d) Jean Jacques Rousseau

Who went public with the heliocentric (sun-centered) model and created the first telescope?
a) Tycho Brahe
b) Francis Cheerios
c) Johannes Kepler
d) Galileo Galilei

Who figured out that the planets actually move around the earth in an egg-shaped pattern, thus explaining the seasons?
a) Copernicus
b) Kepler
c) Jenner
d) yo momma

The French sent ______ to fight in the battle of Savannah.
a) Obama
b) The French
c) Haitian fighters
d) Coca-Cola

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