History Semester 1 Assessment Question Preview (ID: 17488)

History Semester Assessment.

Wilson wanted to prevent future wars. Which was part of President Wilson's Fourteen Points peace plan after World War I?
a) creating a world organization to prevent future wars
b) annexing German territory as punishment
c) war crimes trials for German leaders
d) big payments from the defeated nations

Jim Crow conditions were more difficult. Which statement about the black migration of the 1920s is not true?
a) Many blacks who had been disenfranchised in the South gained the right to vote in northern cities.
b) Blacks from the South found better living and working prospects in northern cities.
c) Blacks who moved to northern cities still lived in segregated neighborhoods
d) Many blacks found conditions in northern cities worse than under Jim Crow and returned to the South.

Many people were afraid of labor unions. Which statement describes the American people's attitude toward early labor unions?
a) Many people felt sympathy for the plight of factory owners.
b) Many people believed that unions only represented minorities.
c) Many people feared that unions were controlled by socialists.
d) Many people thought that workers were already overpaid.

Some writers were muckrackers. Which definition best fits the term muckraker?
a) a business owner who refuses to pay workers a decent wage
b) a writer who exposes unsafe working conditions
c) an industrial worker who maintains a factory's machines
d) a dishonest public official who collects bribes from the public

Immigrants didn't have much money. Which problem did immigrants face in the late 1800s?
a) They didn't understand how to invest their savings.
b) They were often poor and had few job skills.
c) Americans hated them because they spoke English so well.
d) Unions did not allow them to become members.

Black artists got more attention. Which statement about the Harlem Renaissance is true?
a) Harlem became the wealthiest neighborhood in New York City.
b) Cities throughout the South copied the events taking place in Harlem.
c) Black writers, musicians, and artists, gained national attention.
d) Jazz venues, such as the Cotton Club, welcomed an integrated audience.

Grant was a Civil War hero. Which Civil War hero became president in 1869 and saw his administration rocked by scandal?
a) Andrew Johnson
b) Abraham Lincoln
c) Ulysses Grant
d) James Garfield

Oil was an issue. Warren Harding failed to keep corrupt officials out of public office, resulting in the Teapot Dome scandal. What was the scandal about?
a) demanding bribes from construction firms building the U.S. Capitol
b) selling public oil reserves for personal profit
c) establishing unfair tariffs on imported tea from China
d) creating an illegal monopoly on dishware and porcelain

What is one of your favorite board games. Which economic term describes a situation where one company controls all the means of production of a product and can set its own price?
a) monopoly
b) corporation
c) tariff
d) inflation

Segregation was not illegal in the South. Which statement does not describe the Jim Crow laws of the post-Civil War period?
a) They set up a separate but equal system for public facilities.
b) They reflected white southerners hostility towards former slaves.
c) They made segregation illegal throughout the South.
d) They were used to deny blacks their civil rights as American citizens.

Cars weren't the main source of pollution. Which did not pollute cities during the late 1800s?
a) horses
b) too many automobiles
c) inadequate sewer systems
d) coal

There were a lot of German and Irish immigrants. Which statement accurately describes immigration to the United States between 1860 and 1900?
a) Economic conditions in Europe had little effect on immigration.
b) The Russians and the Chinese made up the largest groups of immigrants.
c) The Germans and the Irish made up the largest groups of immigrants.
d) Immigration stopped almost completely after the Civil War.

People wanted America to stay white, not get crowded and not lose jobs to immigrants. Which statements describe reasons that many Americans wanted to restrict immigration?
a) afraid that America would lose its identity as a white, Protestant nation. and there wasn't any room, lose jobs
b) Many people thought that immigrants were upper class elitists who would look down on native-born Americans.

Many people lived on farms. Children worked long hours. Which statements about the extremes of poverty, wealth, and opportunity during the late 1800s are true?.
a) Unions made sure that industrial workers shared in the prosperity of this boom time.
b) New laws guaranteed that business owners did not take advantage of immigrants.
c) Most Americans still lived on farms, even though cities were booming. Thousands of children worked from sunup to sundown.

Populists believed in people voting for Senators. Whose platform included proposals for a graduated income tax, direct election of U.S. senators by the people, protection against consumer fraud, and more government loans for farmers?
a) Conservatives
b) Populists
c) Know-Nothings
d) Nativists

Native American tribes did not yet have independence.Which statement about conflict between whites and Native Americans is not true?
a) White settlers often trespassed on Native American territory in search of gold and good land.
b) After years of war, white settlers forced the government to grant Native American tribes full independence.
c) White settlers favored sending Native American children to schools to learn white culture.
d) White settlers killed off the vast herds of buffalo to deprive Native Americans of food.

What time is it? Which was a result of the construction of the transcontinental railroad?
a) The railroad hardened sectional divisions between the East and the West.
b) The railroad slowed westward expansion because settlers couldn't afford tickets.
c) The railroad empowered Native American tribes that controlled the land it crossed.
d) The railroad spurred the creation of multiple time zones in order to make scheduling easier.

Cowboys came from many groups of people. Which statement accurately describes cowboy life?
a) Almost all cowboys went west to escape serving in the Civil War.
b) Most cowboys were drawn to their work by the job security and health benefits.
c) Cowboys could retire young and live off the income they had earned from driving cattle.
d) Cowboys were a democratic group that came from many racial and ethnic backgrounds.

Railroads were important in the cattle business. Which statement about the cattle business on the Great Plains is true?
a) Cattle ranchers switched to raising buffalo because they were easier to tame.
b) Ranchers on the Great Plains went broke because eastern ranchers could sell beef for less.
c) Ranchers could drive their herds to the nearest railhead and sell them for a large profit.
d) Cattle ranching eventually died out because of the lack of demand for beef.

Children, government workers and coal miners had a hard time. Which of these people did not benefit from the prosperity of the late 1800s?
a) child laborer, government worker, coal miner
b) railroad owner

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