Unit 1 Earth's History: Question Preview (ID: 17482)

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What is the study of Earth?
a) Hydrology
b) Geology
c) Biology
d) Psychology

The process by which the continents split apart from a single landmass
a) continental drift
b) continental spread
c) continental relocation
d) continental move

Which of the following is not a type of plate boundary?
a) Convergent Boundary
b) Divergent Boundary
c) Translation Boundary
d) Transform Boundary

What type of boundary forms mountains, volcanoes, and islands?
a) Convergent Boundary
b) Divergent Boundary
c) Transform Boundary
d) None

Which type of boundary causes the sea floor to spread and mid-ocean ridges?
a) Convergent Boundary
b) Divergent Boundary
c) Transform Boundary
d) None

What geologic event can occur at any type of boundary?
a) Mountains
b) Sea Floor Spreading
c) Earthquakes
d) Volcanoes

Which can scientists most likely conclude from discovering tropical plant fossils at the North Pole?
a) a. Temperatures at the North Pole were once much warmer.
b) b. Only a few species of plants used to grow at the North Pole.
c) c. Ancient plants mutated to survive in the cold polar climate of the North Pole.
d) d. Higher levels of carbon dioxide once existed in the atmosphere at the North Pole.

Fossils of warm-weather plants were found on an island in the Arctic Ocean. What can best be concluded from this discovery?
a) Seeds of plants have been carried to the island by migratory birds.
b) Spores of plants drifted by air currents to the island.
c) The island drifted from a tropical region to its present location.
d) Ocean currents carried the plants to the island

Where does sea-floor spreading occur?
a) Where two oceanic plates collide
b) b. Where an oceanic plate and a continental plate collide
c) c. Where two oceanic plates move apart
d) d. Where two continental plates move apart

The type of rock that is made of hardened sediment
a) Igneous Rock
b) Metamorphic Rock
c) Sedimentary Rock
d) None

the type of rock formed when melted rock cools and hardens
a) Igneous Rock
b) Metamorphic Rock
c) Sedmentary Rock
d) None

the type of rock formed when existing rock is exposed to high heat, high pressure or both.
a) Igneous Rock
b) Metamorphic Rock
c) Sedimentary Rock
d) None

Which of the following is NOT an example of relative age?
a) Anthony is the youngest.
b) Melony is 4 years old.
c) Michael is older than Shatiqua.
d) Ashley is older than Melony but younger than Shatiqua.

How can a sedimentary rock change into a metamorphic rock?
a) heat and pressure
b) breaking down of rock
c) melting
d) cooling

Which of the following is NOT an example of absolute age?
a) Mark is 12 years old.
b) Monica is 8 years old.
c) Joseph is older than Kesha
d) Layla is 15 years old.

The law that states the layer on the bottow is the oldest layer, and the layer on top is the youngest
a) Newton's Laws
b) Law of Superposition
c) Law of Conservation of Energy
d) My Law

35. Radioactive dating is used to find
a) a. The locations of index fossils
b) b. The identities of index fossils
c) c. The absolute ages of rocks and fossils
d) d. The relative ages of rocks and fossils

h. The break or crack, in Earth’s surface along which movement occurs is called a
a) plate boundary
b) fault
c) lithosphere
d) crust

32. Which part of Earth’s history is best shown by analysis of ice cores?
a) a. changes in climate
b) b. changes in plant growth
c) c. changes in the amounts of precipitation
d) d. changes in the formation of rock layers

34. Trilobite is an example of an index fossil. Which best describes the criteria necessary for a fossil to be used as an index fossil?
a) a. The fossil must be from a mammal
b) b. The fossil must be found both in rock layers on the land and in rock layers under the ocean
c) c. The fossil must be found in areas on Earth and must be from an organism that lived for a relatively short time span
d) d. The fossil must be found in at least three different types of sedimentary rock layers and at least two different types of

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