Earth/Environmental Science NCFE Review Part 2: Question Preview (ID: 17246)

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Which consequence could an exponentially growing human population have on drinkable water?
a) It could cause a decrease in the amount of waste and pollutants in the water supply.
b) It could cause an increase in the amount of water available for the population.
c) It could cause an increase in cases of waterborne diseases.
d) It could cause a decrease in needing water for survival.

How could a long-term decrease in precipitation impact an area?
a) It could increase the average water level of lakes in the area.
b) It could increase the amount of flooding in the area.
c) It could decrease the amount of possible infiltration in the area.
d) It could decrease the possible amount of damage to crops in the area.

Which is formed when a section of impremeable rock forces groundwater to move laterally and emerge onto the surface of Earth?
a) a spring
b) an aquifer
c) a geyser
d) a well

Why are ocean currents important to coastal regions?
a) They produce high and low tides along coastal regions.
b) They can warm or cool the air temperatures along coastal regions.
c) They move vertically pushing warm water and nutrients to the surface along coastal regions.
d) They increase the rate of precipitation as cold water moves along coastal regions.

Which results from the unequal heating of the ocean water of Earth?
a) a constant sea level
b) changes in tidal patterns
c) unchanging climate for all regions on Earth
d) changes in ocean current patterns

Which is an advantage of safely using uranium as an energy source rather than using coal?
a) Uranium produces energy without polluting the atmosphere, while burning coal can increase the CO2 in the atmosphere.
b) Uranium reduces the amount of thermal pollution, while burning coal can increase the amount of thermal pollution.
c) Uranium is the most cost-efficient energy resource, while coal is the most expensive energy resource.
d) Uranium can be easily mined from deep within the Earth, while coal is a hard resource to mine from deep within the Earth.

Large quantities of sand can be added to the beach to stabilize the shoreline. Which describes a disadvantage of this process?
a) It causes inland erosion.
b) It is a short-term solution.
c) It creates a barrier that prevents the tides from occurring along the coastline.
d) It creates a wall that disrupts the vegetation along the coastline.

How could the removal of trees and other vegetation impact an environment?
a) by increasing oxygen production
b) by increasing soil formation
c) by increasing transpiration
d) by increasing erosion

How can water be an agent for physcial weathering?
a) by absorbing gases from the atmosphere and ground to chemically react with minerals
b) by seeping into the soil and dissolving the minerals in rocks
c) by absorbing sulfur oxides and creating acid precipitation
d) by seeping into the cracks of rocks and freezing

Which is most likely a prevention strategy for flooding?
a) building artificial levees
b) reducing water consumption
c) recycling bottled-water containers
d) building waste landfills for metals and other contaminants

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