First River Civilizations: Question Preview (ID: 17165)

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The development of which early civilization was influenced most directly by the Tigris River, the Zagros Mountains, and the Syrian Desert?
a) Chinese
b) Maya
c) Egyptian
d) Mesopotamian

The ancient Sumerians modified their environment to increase food production by
a) building terraces
b) removing rain forests
c) digging irrigation canals
d) developing chinampas

The Code of Hammurabi and the Twelve Tables were designed to
a) create a stable society
b) promote peaceful relations with other cultures
c) provide a framework for the development of democracy
d) emphasixe the importance of life after death

One similarity found in both Egyptian and Sumerian civilizations is that each developed a
a) monotheistic religion
b) compass
c) ziggaurat
d) written language

Which statement most accurately describes how geography affected the growth of the ancient civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia?
a) River valleys provided rich soil to grow plentiful crops.
b) Large deserts provided many mineral deposits.
c) Access to the Atlantic Ocean provided trade routes
d) Large savanna areas provided protection from invaders.

Which geographic factor had a major influence on the development of both Egyptian and Babylonian civilizations?
a) river valleys
b) cool temperatures
c) locations near a strait
d) mountains

Which geographic factor affected the development of the Gupta Empire?
a) volcanoes
b) permafrost
c) monsoons
d) island location

The Thar Desert, Ganges River, and Deccan Plateau are all geographic features of
a) Japan
b) China
c) India
d) Indonesia

Why is Southeast Asia considered a crossroads?
a) Large deposits of oil are available.
b) A single culture is dominant.
c) A number of trade routes intersect.
d) Rivers serve as highways.

The concept of zero, the expansion of the caste system, and the creation of the decimal system are most closely associated with the
a) Inca Empire
b) Tokugawa shogunate
c) Song dynasty
d) Gupta Empire

The rule of Shi Huangdi, legalism, and the tomb of terra cotta soldiers are most closely associated with t
a) Mauraya Empire
b) Qin dynasty
c) Persian Empire
d) Hellenistic culture

Which geographic feature has helped isolate China?
a) Andes Mountains
b) Kalahari Desert
c) Himalaya Mountains
d) Great Rift Valley

Which statement about China is a fact rather than an opinion?
a) Flooding was the worst disaster to affect ancient Chinese civilizations
b) The Mandate of Heaven was an idea developed in ancient China.
c) Early Chinese civilizations were the most important civilizations in the world
d) Dynastic governments were highly effective in China.

In China, the development of civil service examinations and a belief in filial piety reflect the influence of
a) Shinto
b) Jainism
c) Confucianism
d) Buddhism

One reason the Euphrates, Indus, Nile, and Tigris valleys became centers of early civilization is that these valleys had
a) borders and elevations that were easy to defend
b) rich deposits of coal and iron ores
c) the means for irrigation and transportation
d) locations in regions of moderate climate and abundant rainfall

Which civilization first developed a civil service system, invented gunpowder, and manufactured porcelain?
a) Aztec
b) Chinese
c) Japanese
d) Roman

Which philosophy is most closely associated with the development of the Chinese civil service system?
a) legalism
b) Buddhism
c) Daoism
d) Confucianism

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