Trimester 1 Final: Question Preview (ID: 16661)

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When large masses of magma solidify far below Earth's surface, they form igneous rocks that have a
a) glassy texture
b) clastic texture
c) fine-grained texture
d) coarse-grained texture

a rock that forms from cooling lava is classified as an
a) intrusive igneous rocks
b) extrusive metamorphic rock
c) extrusive igneous rock
d) intrusive volcanic rock

Which of the following is an examoke if an extrusive igneous rock?
a) rhyolite
b) granite
c) andesite
d) coal

A rock that forms when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface is called an
a) intrusive metamorphic rock
b) intrusive igneous rock
c) extrusive sedimentary rock
d) extrusive igneous rock

Where is the energy source found that drives the processes that form igneous and metamorphic rocks?
a) the sun
b) the wind
c) Earth's interior
d) moving water

Wht type of rocks are formed by processes powered by the sun?
a) metamorphic rocks
b) sedimentary rocks
c) igneous rocks
d) no rocks are formed by energy from the sun

All of the energy that drives Earth's rock cycle comes from
a) the wind
b) Earth's interior and the sun
c) the breakdown of organic matter
d) the movement of water over Earth's surface

Which of the following is NOT one of the three types of rock?
a) igneous
b) magma
c) sedimentary
d) metamorphic

The three groups of rocks are classified by
a) color
b) grain size
c) chemical composition
d) how they formed

Lava that cools so quickly that ions do not have time to arrange themselves into crystals will form igneous rocks with a
a) porphyritic texture
b) glassy texture
c) coarse-grained texture
d) fine-grained texture

As the rate of cooling of igneous rocks increases, the size of the crystals that form
a) decreases
b) increases
c) is not affected
d) cannot be determined

A conglomerate is a rock that forms as a result of
a) intense heat and pressure
b) compaction and cementation
c) rapid cooling
d) slow cooling

Which of the following represents the correct order of the processes involved in sedimentary rock formation?
a) erosion, weathering, compaction, cementation, deposition
b) compaction, cementation, deposition, weathering, erosion
c) deposition, cementation, compaction, erosion, weathering
d) weathering, erosion, deposition, compaction, cementation

Most of the heat for contact metamorphism is supplied by
a) nearby mass of magma
b) radioactive elements
c) frictional heating along a fault
d) deep burial within Earth

What rock-formaing process occurs when hot magma forces its way into rock?
a) regional metamorphism
b) biochemical sedimentation
c) contact metamorphism
d) deposition

Which of the following changes may occur during metamorphism?
a) Certain minerals may recrystallize
b) the rock becomes more compact
c) crystals may grow larger
d) all of the above

A foliated metamorphic rock forms when crystals
a) combine and form visable bands
b) combine but do not form visible bands
c) become less compact
d) align themselves parallel to the direction of the forces acting on them

Which of the following metamorphic rocks has a non foliated texture?
a) slate
b) gneiss
c) marble
d) schist

A metamorphic rock can be classified according to its
a) density and texture
b) texture and composition
c) color and composition
d) density and color

An element is a substance that
a) exists naturally as a solid, liquid, and gas
b) cannot be broken down into simpler substances
c) is above 86 on the periodic table
d) can be broken down only by chemical means

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