Continental Drift: Question Preview (ID: 16597)

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German meteorologist who collected evidence to prove his theory of continental drift
a) Arthur Holmes
b) Alfred Wegener
c) Harry Hess
d) William Pickering

All the continents joined together as one was called
a) Laurasia
b) Gondwanaland
c) Continata Majora
d) Pangaea

The existence of this fossil was evidence that Antarctica was once at a warmer latitude
a) Lystrasaurus
b) Glossopteris
c) Cynagnathus
d) Cycad

The mountain chains in Greenland and Europe matched up with
a) the Himalayas in India
b) the Andes in South America
c) the Appalachians in North America
d) the Cascades in North America

The matching glacial grooves and erosion patterns on several different continents were an important piece of Wegener's
a) fossil evidence
b) rock evidence
c) climate evidence
d) did not prove anything

Wegener's theory of continental drift was not accepted because
a) he did not have enough evidence
b) he could not provide an explanation of how continents moved
c) he was unqualified
d) he had too many different types of evidence

After WWII, advances in technology allowed the further study of _______ which provided more evidence in support of Wegener's theory
a) the ocean floor
b) other planets in the solar system
c) mountains high above sea level
d) deep underground caves

Exploration of the ocean floor led to the idea of sea floor spreading. This theory is supported by the fact that
a) rock near mid ocean ridges are older than rock near trenches
b) sediment is much thicker near mid ocean ridges than near trenches
c) rock is the same along the entire ocean floor
d) aligned magnetic minerals occur in matching bands on either side of mid ocean ridges

At a mid ocean ridge, it was determined that
a) old sea floor sinks and melts back into the mantle
b) giant trenches form
c) new crust forms and pushes away the old crust
d) all of the above

Sea floor spreading led to the development of the theory of plate tectonics. This theory states that
a) The lithosphere is broken up into pieces that move slowly along the surface of the earth
b) as new sea floor is forms, it generates movement of the continents
c) the continents move through the sea floor
d) the plates move due to the force from the rotation of the earth

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