World History - Ch 6 Set 2 Question Preview (ID: 16401)

Second Set Of Questions For Ch 6 Quiz.

Which person would probably NOT have been influenced by the philosophers?
a) a European artist living during the 1700s
b) a leader of a salon
c) an American patriot denouncing taxation without representation
d) a scholar who believed in the geocentric theory

Which of the following were caused by the scientific revolution?
a) the belief that the earth was an unmoving object at the center of the universe
b) improvements in medicine and scientific instruments
c) reliance on ancient authorities to explain the physical world
d) the assumption that the human body was similar to the anatomy of other animals

Which of the following was created by the Articles of Confederation?
a) the Congress
b) the Supreme Court
c) the office of president
d) the office of vice-president

Which of the following reflects the neoclassical style?
a) a palace built in a grand and elaborately decorated style
b) a painting rich in detail and ornate imagery
c) a church built in a simple, elegant style
d) dramatic organ music with a complex composition

Which of the following reflects the correct sequence of steps used in the scientific process?
a) observation, question, experimentation, hypothesis, conclusion
b) question, experimentation, hypothesis, observation, conclusion
c) question, observation, hypothesis, experimentation, conclusion
d) observation, question, hypothesis, experimentation, conclusion

Which of the following occurred last?
a) repeal of the Stamp Act
b) adoption of the Bill of Rights
c) the end of the French and Indian War
d) the calling of the Second Continental Congress

Which of the following occurred after the salons spread enlightenment ideas?
a) The scientific method develops.
b) The heliocentric theory develops.
c) The scientific method begins to affect society.
d) The colonists denounce taxation without representation.

Which of the following men contradicted the ideas in the U.S. Constitution?
a) Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu
b) Thomas Hobbes
c) John Locke
d) Denis Diderot

Which of the following events occurred after the American Revolution?
a) Constitutional Convention
b) French and Indian War
c) Stamp Act
d) Navigation Acts

Which of the following is true of the neoclassical style of art?
a) It emphasized elegance and simplicity.
b) It tended to be ornate, highly detailed, and rich in color.
c) It was the dominant style of art during the Middle Ages.
d) It was based on ideas and themes from ancient Japan.

Which of the following did the Enlightenment promote?
a) a belief in progress
b) a more secular outlook
c) faith in science
d) all of these

What is the law of universal gravitation?
a) The earth and other planets revolve around the sun.
b) All physical objects are affected equally by the same forces.
c) A falling object accelerates at a fixed and predictable rate.
d) The physical world consists of four elements-earth, air, fire, and water.

What was Montesquieu's influence on the U.S. Constitution?
a) public elections
b) branches of government
c) the Bill of Rights
d) representatives

What did the American colonists protest as taxation without representation?
a) French and Indian War
b) Stamp Act
c) import tax on tea
d) Navigation Acts

What did Andreas Vesalius and Voltaire both do?
a) write drama and fiction.
b) analyze human anatomy.
c) challenge preexisting ideas.
d) spent time in jail for their ideas.

The philosophes used reason to address
a) British taxes.
b) social issues.
c) abusive rulers.
d) all of these.

The philosophes influenced Catherine the Great's
a) architectural plans for her palace.
b) military campaign against Poland.
c) diplomatic relations with France.
d) proposal on reforms to Russia's laws.

The idea of a direct democracy is explained in
a) A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
b) The Social Contract.
c) Starry Messenger.
d) On the Spirit of Laws.

The heliocentric, or sun-centered, theory was proposed by
a) Galileo Galiliei.
b) Nicolaus Copernicus.
c) Francis Bacon.
d) Isaac Newton.

What was one of the arguments of those opposed to the Constitution?
a) It was treason against King George.
b) Congress had only authorized amending the Articles of Confederation.
c) The national government it created did not have enough power over the states.
d) The state governments retained too much power.

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