Age Of Reason: Question Preview (ID: 16285)

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According to John Locke, what would happen if the government broke the social contract?
a) Nothing- the government was all-powerful
b) The government could arrest the people who disagreed with it
c) The government could be overthrown by the people
d) The people could live without a government

What word or phrase best describes what John Locke stood for?
a) Nature
b) Separation of Powers
c) Absolute monarchy
d) Rights

According to John Locke, what was the government's purpose?
a) To keep its citizens in line with absolute monarchy
b) To make life as fun as possible
c) To keep its citizens from practicing the wrong religion
d) To protect citizens' natural rights of life, liberty and property

Which philosopher is known for the idea of separation of powers?
a) Baron de Montesquieu
b) John Locke
c) Voltaire
d) Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Which is NOT true of William and Mary?
a) They restricted religious freedom
b) They overthrew James II in the Glorious Revolution
c) They set up a constitutional monarchy
d) They signed the English Bill of Rights

Which of the following describes Thomas Hobbes?
a) He believed in separation of powers
b) He believed in natural rights and supported constitutional monarchy
c) He supported absolute monarchy and thought humans were selfish and violent
d) He believed humans were naturally good

Which is the best example of an absolute monarch?
a) George Washington
b) Charles II
c) William and Mary
d) Louis XIV

Which of the following is an example of unlimited government?
a) The ruler allows religious freedoom
b) The ruler must follow a written constitution
c) The ruler must ask Parliament for funds to go to war
d) The ruler may imprison anyone he pleases

What was the outcome of the English Civil War?
a) Charles I won and remained king
b) Charles I was executed and Oliver Cromwell became a dictator
c) Oliver Cromwell and Charles I ruled together
d) William and Mary executed Oliver Cromwell

Which led to the English Civil War?
a) Charles I signed the petition of right, ignored it, and tried to arrest Parliament's leaders
b) Elizabeth I had her cousin beheaded
c) James II appointed Catholics to high offices
d) Charles II signed the writ of Habeas Corpus

What was the effect of the scientific revolution on the Catholic Church?
a) It led to the arrest of many influential priests
b) It increased the power of the Catholic Church
c) It led many to question the authority of the church
d) It proved that the Church's view of the universe was correct

What did Enlightenment thinkers use to gain knowledge about the world?
a) The Bible and prayer
b) Reason and the scientific method
c) Greek and Egyptian texts
d) Their hearts and feelings

Why was Galileo put on trial?
a) His findings contradicted the Bible
b) He murdered Copernicus
c) He openly criticized the government
d) He stole materials to build the telescope

Jean-Jaccques Rousseau believed the government should:
a) Stop the teaching of science in schools
b) Be in the hands of one powerful person
c) Control every aspect of people's lives
d) Govern according to the general will

Before Galileo proved Copernicus' theory, most Europeans believed that this was the center of the universe:
a) The earth
b) The sun
c) Venus
d) Mars

Before the scientific revolution, where did people get their knowledge about the world?
a) School teachers
b) Scientific experiments
c) A dictionary
d) The Catholic Church

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