# Number Theory Vocab: Question Preview (ID: 15668)

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**The FundamentalTheorem of Arithematic states that __________.**

a) Any number greater than 1 can be arranged in a table so that there is the same number of objects in each row and column

b) any number greater than 1 can be written as the sum of its prime factors

c) any number greater than 1 can be written as the product of its prime factors

d) any number greater than 1 can be written as the difference of its prime factors

**A square number is ______________.**

a) a number that is the sum of a number added to itself

b) a number that is written as the product of its prime factors

c) a number that is written as the sum of its prime factors

d) a number that is the product of a number times itself

**Prime factorization is _____________.**

a) arranging a group of numbers in a table so that there is the same number of objects in each row and column

b) writing a number as the product of its prime factors

c) writing a number as the sum of its prime factors

d) writing a number using exponents

**Prime numbers are ______________.**

a) two numbers that multiply together to produce a product

b) a number with only two factors

c) a number with more than two factors

d) a number that is the product of a number times itself

**Lowest common multiple is __________**

a) the smallest number that two factors share

b) the largest number that two other numbers share as a factor

c) a number that is the product of a number times itself

d) a number with only two factors

**Greatest common factor is ______________.**

a) Any number greater than 1 can be written as the product of its prime factors

b) Two numbers that multiply together to produce a product

c) The largest number that two other numbers share as a factor

d) The smallest number that two factors share

**A factor pair is _______________.**

a) A number that is the product of a number times itself

b) The largest number that goes into two other numbers

c) A number with only two factors

d) Two numbers that multiply together to produce a product

**Composite numbers are __________.**

a) two numbers that multiply together to produce a product

b) a number with only two factors

c) a number with more than two factors

d) a number that is the product of a number times itself

**An array is ___________**

a) a group of numbers arranged in a table so that there is the same number of objects in each row and column

b) A number with more than two factors

c) A number written as the product of its prime numbers

d) Two numbers that multiply together to produce a product

**The math operation used the most in this unit is _____**

a) addition

b) subtraction

c) multiplication

d) division

**The Distributive Property allows you to ______**

a) rearrange the parenthes so you can multiply in a different order

b) multiply the largest numbers first so that it is easier

c) multiply the addends separately and then add the products

d) multiply only the order the problem is given.

**An exponent is _______**

a) the number of times a base is multiplied together.

b) the number that is multiplied together.

c) an expression that shows repreated multiplication.

d)

**A distinct factor is ______**

a) a factor with flair

b) a number on a list of factors

c) a number that makes up a pattern

d) numbers greater than 1

**Triangular numbers ____**

a) are always a multiple of 3

b) are divisible by 3

c) have the number 3 in it

d) can be arranged in a triangular pattern

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