Biology Cat 1 Vocab Question Preview (ID: 14310)

Texas EOC Biology Category 1 Objective Vocab.[print questions]

an organic molecule produced by living organisms and consisting predominantly of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
a) Biomolecule
b) DNA
c) Enzyme
d) Lipid

group of organic molecules that includes sugars, starch, and cellulose, which can be used for energy or structural support
a) Carbohydrates
b) Lipids
c) Protiens
d) Nucleic acids

a group of organic molecules that includes fats, oils, waxes, and steroids that are insoluble in water and used for energy storage and insulation
a) Lipids
b) Protiens
c) Carbohydrates
d) Nucleic acids

a group of organic molecules that provides structure and facilitates chemical reactions (enzymes)
a) Lipids
b) Proteins
c) carbohydrates
d) nucleic acids

a protein that catalyzes (speeds up) a reaction without being changed by it
a) DNA
b) Protein
c) Enzyme
d) Cancer

nucleic acid which is self-replicating and contains the code to make all proteins needed by an organism
a) RNA
b) Enzyme
c) Protein
d) DNA

process by which DNA makes a copy of itself
a) Replication
b) cancer
c) translation
d) synthesis

the process of nuclear division and cytokinesis that produces genetically identical daughter cells
a) cancer
b) transcription
c) Mitosis
d) translation

proliferation (out of control growth) of cells caused by disruptions in the cell cycle; disruptions may be caused by environmental factors
a) Cancer
b) replication
c) transcription
d) translation

a living organism whose cell or cells contain nuclei and membrane-bound organelles
a) Eukaryote
b) Prokaryote
c) blood cells
d) kayrotype

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