Enlightenment And Absolutism Review: Question Preview (ID: 13996)

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What individual is famous for the building of the Palace at Versailles?
a) Louis XIV
b) Peter the Great
c) Catherine the Great
d) Copernicus

Peter the Great sought to get what to improve Russia?
a) a warm-water port
b) adopt anti-western reforms
c) limit the role of women in society
d) return to traditional values

A common goal of Peter the Great and Louis XIV of France was to
a) spread Calvinism
b) promote political revolutions
c) maintain absolute power
d) isolate their nations

Which statement best summarizes a major belief of the Enlightenment Period in European history?
a) No living creature should be killed.
b) Every person is born to serve the state.
c) Individual achievement and dignity are of great importance.
d) The Scientific Method poses a dangerous challenge to established knowledge.

“Kings sit upon God’s throne and rule according to God’s law.” This statement would most likely have been made by a person who believed in
a) Oligarchy
b) Democracy
c) Absolutism
d) Glasnost

During the Scientific Revolution the work of many scientists and philosophers…
a) relied heavily on the ideas of medieval thinkers.
b) favored an absolute monarchy as a way of improving the economy.
c) received support from the Catholic Church.
d) examined natural laws governing the universe.

The writers and philosophers of the Enlightenment believed that government decisions should be based on
a) fundamental religious beliefs
b) the concept of the divine right of kings
c) laws of nature and reason
d) tradition

One way in which the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment were similar is that they
a) encouraged the spread of new ideas
b) strengthened the Church
c) led to the Protestant Reformation
d) Rejected Renaissance humanism

One contribution that John Locke made to Enlightenment philosophy was the idea that
a) absolute monarchies should continue
b) the punishment should fit the crime
c) individual rights should be denied
d) government should be based on the consent of the people

What Enlightenment thinker believed that people entered into a contract with the government?
a) John Locke
b) Jean Jacques Rousseau
c) Baron de Montesquieu
d) Thomas Hobbes

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