Evolution Test Review 1 Question Preview (ID: 13452)

Evolution Test Review 1.

Which of the following characteristics is most easily inferred from the measurement of a fossil skull’s cranial capacity?
a) intelligence
b) brain size
c) cultural development
d) evolutionary position

Lucy’s skeleton revealed that she was bipedal. This means that she
a) walked using all four limbs.
b) lived in trees.
c) walked on two legs.
d) crawled along the jungle floor.

Two distinctive features of all primates are
a) depth perception & grasping hands.
b) grasping hands & feet.
c) depth perception & S-shaped spines.
d) opposable thumbs & S-shaped spines.

The age of Earth is estimated to be
a) 2 million years.
b) 2 billion years
c) 4 billion years
d) 4 million years

What did Pasteur do in his experiments on spontaneous generation that other scientists before him had not done?
a) He boiled the broth in his flasks.
b) He sealed his flasks.
c) He used curve-necked flasks and left them open.
d) He added microorganisms to the broth before he boiled it.

Which of the following best explains why fossils of tropical species were found in an arctic ecosystem?
a) Antarctica's climate has changed over millions of years.
b) Species in Antarctica adapted to eating warm-weather plants.
c) Fossils are often moved from one place to another by various mammals.
d) Extinction occurred when tropical plants were exposed to cold weather.

Scientists don’t use the common names of organisms because
a) an organism may have more than one common name.
b) common names are too ambiguous.
c) an organism rarely has the same name in different languages.
d) All of the above

The correct order of the biological hierarchy from kingdom to species is
a) kingdom, class, family, order, phylum, genus, species.
b) kingdom, phylum, order, family, class, genus, species.
c) kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.
d) kingdom, class, order, phylum, family, genus, species.

Homologous structures in organisms suggest that the organisms
a) share a common ancestor.
b) must have lived at different times.
c) have a skeletal structure.
d) are now extinct.

Which of the following best supports the theory of evolution?
a) Humans, frogs, and bats all breathe with lungs during at least part of their lives.
b) Fossils of humans, frogs, and bats have been discovered on all major continents.
c) The bodies of humans, frogs, and bats change as they develop from birth to the adult stage.
d) Although they look different, the limbs of humans, frogs, and bats all share the same basic bones.

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