Earthquakes Section 2: Question Preview (ID: 13375)

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The point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under stress and triggers an earthquake is called the
a) syncline
b) footwall
c) epicenter
d) focus

The type of seismic waves that arrive at the surface first and move by compressing and expanding the ground like an accordion are called
a) S waves
b) P waves
c) Surface waves
d) Mercalli Waves

S waves are also known as
a) primary waves
b) secondary waves
c) surface waves
d) focus waves

Compared to P waves and S waves, surface waves move
a) faster
b) slower
c) at the same rate
d) farther from the epicenter

In what direction do seismic waves carry the energy of an earthquake?
a) away from the focus
b) toward the focus
c) from the surface to the interior
d) through the mantle only

What type of earthquake wave can travel through both liquids and solids?
a) P waves
b) S waves
c) focus waves
d) surface waves

Which scale would most likely be used to tell how much earthquake damage was done to other homes and buildings?
a) the Richter scale
b) the Mercalli scale
c) the moment magnitude scale
d) the seismic scale

The rating system that estimates the total energy released by an earthquake is called the
a) Richter Scale
b) moment magnitude scale
c) mechanical seismograph scale
d) Mercalli scale

The seismic waves that travel along Earth's surface and produce the most severe ground movements are called
a) Mercalli waves
b) p waves
c) s waves
d) surface waves

Vibrations that move through the ground carrying the energy released during an earthquake are called
a) seismic waves
b) Mercalli waves
c) focus waves
d) epicenter

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