AP Psych LANG Review 2 Question Preview (ID: 1307)

Language And Thought Review. TEACHERS: click here for quick copy question ID numbers.

According to Chomsky everyone has a _________ when they must learn a language
a) critical period
b) sensitive period
c) time
d) set date

According to the linguistic-relativity hypothesis
a) language itself structures the way we see the world
b) children are motivated to acquire language when their thinking abilities have developed
c) we are born with an innate factor to develop a language
d) words hold different meanings in different cultures

Framing is
a) allowing a decision to be shaped by the context it is presented rather than exploring it from different perspectives
b) putting to much faith in one's own estimates or beliefs
c) greatly overestimating the likelihood of dramatic events occuring
d) a partial similarity among things that are different in other ways

The tendency to perceive an item only in terms of its most common use is
a) functional fixedness
b) mental set
c) problems of inducing structure
d) problems of transformation

______________occurs when people suddenly discover the correct solution to a problem
a) insight
b) 'aha' moment
c) mental set

To go from the top to the bottom when solving a problem is
a) deductive reasoning
b) inductive reasoning
c) thinking logically

To go from the bottom to the top when solving a problem is
a) inductive reasoning
b) deductive reasoning
c) thinking logically

LAD was developed by
a) Chomsky
b) Lennerberg
c) Whorf

If all birds are warm-blooded, and if all parrots are birds, than parrots are warm blooded is an example of a
a) syllogism
b) analogy
c) algorithm
d) deductive reasoning

Children who are deprived of language early in life (a wild child) are unable to acquire normal language skills. This can be explained by
a) sensitive periods
b) displacement
c) reaction range
d) linguistic relativity hypothesis

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