Applied Linguistics: Second Language Acquisition (Part 3) Question Preview (ID: 13033)

Take This Test To Find Out How Well You Understand The Second Language Acquisition Theories By Krashen, Pask, Schumann, And Cummins.

The FL Consent Decree, Next Generation Standards (FL Sunshine State Standards), and English Language Proficiency Standards want K-12 classroom teachers to focus on

Which one of these sets of words is associated with Jim Cummins?
a) Iceberg Model, BICS, CALP
b) Acculturation Theory, Social Distance Hypothesis, culture shock
c) Processing Continuum Model, attention, meaning
d) Comprehensible Input Hypothesis, i +1, realia, props, visuals, manipulatives

Conversation Theory teaches us that, in ESL, scaffolding means
a) that a more proficient speaker supports and maintains a conversation so that ELLs can participate.
b) that conversation partners must collaborate to come to an agreement about the subject.
c) that teachers must require full-setnence responses from their ELLs.
d) that errors need to be corrected in a direct way.

Which of the following is true for Social Distance Theory?
a) The Social Theory of SLA does not have a clear position on error correction.
b) More successful learners have higher psychological and social distance.
c) Keep the affective filter high so that ELLs acculturate faster.
d) Good language learners must experience culture shock first.

Who wrote the 5 Hypotheses of Second Language Acquisition?
a) Krashen
b) Pask
c) Schumann
d) Cummins

Stephen Krashen is responsible for all of the following language acquisition theories EXCEPT
a) the Behaviorist Hypothesis
b) the Monitor Hypothesis
c) the Affective Filter Hypothesis
d) the Acquisition v. Leanring Hypothesis

Krashen's Natural Order Hypothesis suggests that
a) Both statements are true for the Natural Order Hypothesis.
b) Neither statement is true for the Natural Order Hypothesis.
c) ELLs progress through the four stages of proficiency as they acquire language.
d) ELLs acquire grammar and morphemes in a particular order.

Should errors be corrected according to Krashen?
a) No--correcting errors may actually have a negative effect: raising the Affective Filter.
b) Yes--to avoid fossilization.
c) Krashen has no opinion about error correction.
d) Yes--to help students become aware of differences between their NL and the TL.

According to Pask, why are some language learners more successful than others?
a) The LL participated in "good" conversations with a partner who scaffolded.
b) They had fewer demands on their attention.
c) They took the time to make a connection between what they already knew and the new material.
d) Their NL is closer to the TL.

According to the Social Distance Theories, why are children more successful at second language learning and acquisition than adults?
a) Children haven't been exposed to stereotyping and racism as much as adults have been.
b) They learned the L2 during the critical period.
c) People are more willing to correct children's errors than adults' errors.
d) Children have more background experience and knowledge than adults do.

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