States Of Matter: Question Preview (ID: 13000)

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The kinetic theory states that the higher the temperature, the faster the
a) bonds between atoms break down.
b) particles that make up a substance move.
c) lighter particles within a substance clump together.
d) molecules of gas rush together.

The kinetic theory helps to explain the differences between
a) states of matter.
b) types of motion.
c) particles of matter.
d) temperatures of objects.

What determines the speed of the atoms and molecules of a particular substance?
a) size of the atoms and molecules
b) temperature of the substance
c) Both size of the atoms and temperature of the substance
d) None of the above

Which change of phase is exothermic?
a) gas to liquid
b) solid to liquid
c) solid to gas
d) liquid to gas

Which of the following correctly pairs a phase of matter with its description?
a) Gas: Particles have higher amounts of energy than when in the liquid phase
b) Liquid: Particles are more strongly attached to one another than when in the solid phase
c) Liquid: Particles expand to fill any container in which they are placed
d) Solid: Particles have no motion

What happens to water molecules in a pool as they absorb energy?
a) The kinetic energy of the atoms decreases
b) The rate of collision between molecules increases.
c) The molecules begin to move more slowly.
d) The molecules occupy less volume

During which of the following processes is there a decrease in the heat content of the form of water indicated?
a) water droplets as they fall to the ground
b) Water as it evaporates from a pond
c) Snow as it melts on a mountainside
d) ice as it forms on a lake

As water boils, the molecules _____________
a) get larger
b) get smaller
c) move slower and closer together
d) move faster and farther apart

Solids have a definite shape and volume. This is because
a) the molecules in solids move freely in all directions
b) The molecules in solids move past each other easily
c) the molecules in solids stay in a definite location and vibrate
d) the molecules in solids do not move at all.

Unlike a gas, a plasma
a) has no definite shape.
b) has no mass.
c) conducts electric current.
d) has no definite volume.

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