Weather, Climate, And The Water Cycle: Question Preview (ID: 12705)

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A climatologist is a scientist who studies the climate. Which of the following describes what a climatologist does?
a) Predicts how the atmosphere will change over the coming week
b) Investigates the damage done by a tornado
c) Studies the general weather patterns of an area that occurred in the past
d) Predicts where a hurricane will land

The condition of the atmosphere over a short period of time is called –
a) weather
b) climate
c) drought
d) humidity

What is evaporation?
a) Water freezes.
b) Water vapor meets cold air and changes back into liquid.
c) Water gets warm and changes from liquid water to water vapor.
d) Plants take in water from the soil.

Climate describes –
a) average weather conditions over time
b) current weather conditions
c) the stormy conditions that exist during a specific time period
d) the movement of water through the water cycle

What is the correct term for moisture that falls to the ground from clouds?
a) precipitation
b) condensation
c) evaporation
d) hibernation

What weather condition could be measured by a Celsius thermometer?
a) temperature
b) precipitation
c) wind speed
d) cloud cove

The Sun drives the water cycle by doing which of the following?
a) Rotating on its axis
b) Giving off light for plants
c) Keeping Earth in orbit
d) Providing heat for evaporation

What provides the energy needed for evaporation to occur naturally in the water cycle?
a) sun
b) rivers
c) soil
d) wind

he sun's heat energy causes evaporation. Most of the evaporation on the earth happens to water found in -
a) oceans
b) lakes
c) rivers
d) underground water

Which statement best describes the climate of a city?
a) San Antonio, Texas had a high temperature of 102°F today.
b) Dallas, Texas had 8.6 centimeters of rain today.
c) The average annual temperature of Austin, TX is 68.5°F.
d) The temperature in El Paso, Texas today at dawn was 57°F.

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