Earthquakes: Question Preview (ID: 1248)

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What is the location of the surface of the Earth directly above the origin of an earthquake?
a) epicenter
b) fault line
c) s-wave
d) focus

Which type of wave travels the fastest
a) surface or L-wave
b) seismic movement
c) S wave
d) P wave

Which type of wave usually causes the most damage?
a) P wave
b) surface or L-wave
c) sinusoidal wave
d) S wave

Which scale is most often used by scientists to measure the size of an earthquake?
a) Moment magnitude
b) P wave height
c) Seismic gradient
d) Richter scale

What is the name of sea waves triggered by an earthquake?
a) Tidal waves
b) L waves
c) Tsunami
d) P waves

What is the name of the origin of an earthquake?
a) focus
b) tsunami
c) fault line
d) epicenter

What instrument is used to record an earthquake?
a) seismograph
b) pendulum
c) MM machine
d) richtergram

To find the epicenter of an earthquake, what is the minimum number of seismic stations needed?
a) one
b) four
c) three
d) two

Which type of wave will appear second on a seismogram?
a) P wave
b) tidal wave
c) surface wave
d) S wave

Which type of wave compresses and expands the rock of the crust as it travels?
a) P wave
b) All waves
c) surface wave
d) S wave

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