Rock Cycle, Weathering, & Soil: Question Preview (ID: 10922)

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Naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals and organic matter is...
a) rock
b) texture
c) rock cycle
d) composition

When magma cools quickly, what kind of texture does rock have?
a) fine-grained
b) medium-grained
c) large-grained
d) coarse-grained

Mechanical weathering occurs at a greater rate in climates that are...
a) cold and wet.
b) hot and dry.
c) cold and dry.
d) warm and wet.

When oxygen in the air reacts with iron, the result is...
a) oxidation.
b) infiltration.
c) differential weathering.
d) abrasion.

What is it called when wind blows sand and silt against exposed rock, eventually wearing away the rock’s surface?
a) abrasion
b) oxidation
c) erosion
d) chemical weathering

If you drop a sugar cube into a glass of water, the sugar cube will dissolve after a few minutes. This process is an example of
a) chemical weathering.
b) mechanical weathering.
c) differential weathering.
d) oxidation.

What is the organic material formed in soil from the decayed remains of plants and animals called?
a) humus
b) parent rock
c) residual soil
d) bedrock

Small rocks weather more quickly than large rocks because their surface area is
a) larger.
b) thicker.
c) smaller.
d) thinner.

Process in which layers in sedimentary rock are formed
a) stratification
b) nonfoliated
c) strata
d) foliated

In the rock cycle, which rock type may be weathered to become sediment, and eventually sedimentary rock?
a) All types of rock
b) Igneous rock
c) sedimentary rock
d) metamorphic rock

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