Earthquake Vocab 1: Question Preview (ID: 8250)


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focus
a) The point beneath Earth\'s surface where rock breaks under stress and causes an earthquake b) a scale that rates earthquakes by estimating the total energy released by an earthquake c) the point on the Earth\'s surface directly above the focus of an earthquake d) measure of the energy released during an earthquake
stress
a) (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body b) an instrument that records earthquake waves c) measures the magnitude of an earthquake d) the block of rock above a fault
reverse fault
a) A fault in which the hanging wall moves up relative to the foot wall b) a type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward; caused by tension in the crust c) measures the magnitude of an earthquake d) The block of rock that forms the lower half of the fault
Mercalli scale
a) A scale that rates earthquakes according to their intensity and how much damage they cause b) Stress that stretches rock so that it becomes thinner in the middle. c) The block of rock that forms the lower half of the fault d) a scale that rates earthquakes by estimating the total energy released by an earthquake
moment magnitude scale
a) a scale that rates earthquakes by estimating the total energy released by an earthquake b) A scale that rates earthquakes according to their intensity and how much damage they cause c) a large ocean wave generated by vertical motions of the seafloor during an earthquake d) measure of the energy released during an earthquake
hanging wall
a) the block of rock above a fault b) measures the magnitude of an earthquake c) The block of rock that forms the lower half of the fault d) The block of rock that forms the lower half of the fault
earthquake
a) the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Earth\'s surface b) a downward fold in rock formed by compression in earth\'s crust c) The block of rock that forms the lower half of the fault d) an upward fold in rock formed by compression of Earth\'s crust
Richter scale
a) measures the magnitude of an earthquake b) a relatively flat highland c) measure of the energy released during an earthquake d) an instrument that records earthquake waves
tsunami
a) a large ocean wave generated by vertical motions of the seafloor during an earthquake b) measure of the energy released during an earthquake c) A building mounted on bearings designed to absorb the energy of an earthquake d) a scale that rates earthquakes by estimating the total energy released by an earthquake
compression
a) stress that squeezes rock until it breaks b) an instrument that records earthquake waves c) effort expended in rubbing one object against another d) measures the magnitude of an earthquake
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