Ancient World: Civilizations And Religions 400 Bc-500 Ad: Question Preview (ID: 31833)

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The invention of writing systems and the growth of cities occurred only in civilizations that
a) originated in South America. b) developed matriarchal leadership. c) developed complex institutions. d) borrowed heavily from the Greeks and Romans.
The hijra, Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina in 622 A.D., is important to Muslims because the journey
a) resulted in Muhammad's early death. b) ended Muhammad's attempts to spread Islam throughout Arabia. c) established Byzantine rule throughout the region. d) signified the establishment of the Islamic faith.
The early civilizations of the Nile River Valley, Mesopotamia, and the Huang He were similar because they were
a) dependent on fertile land. b) monotheistic. c) industrialized societies. d) dependent on each other for trade.
One similarity in the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, ancient Indian (Harappan), and ancient Chinese civilizations was that they each developed
a) democratic governments. b) monotheistic religions. c) irrigation systems. d) industrialized economies.
All citizens in ancient Athens had the right to attend the assembly, where they could meet in the open to discuss and cast votes. This situation is an example of
a) direct democracy. b) totalitarianism. c) parliamentary democracy. d) absolutism.
A major contribution of the Roman empire to western society was the development of
a) gunpowder. b) the principles of feudalism. c) monotheism. d) an effective legal system.
One similarity between the Five Pillars of Islam and the Ten Commandments is that both
a) support a belief in reincarnation. b) promote learning as a means to salvation. c) encourage the use of statues to symbolize God. d) provide a guide to proper ethical and moral behavior.
A major impact of ancient Greece and Rome on western civilization was that
a) The Greeks and Romans achieved a classless society, which was later copied in Western Europe. b) Greek sculpture and Roman architecture were much admired and copied in Western Europe in later centuries. c) Greece and Rome transmitted Islamic philosophy to the areas they conquered. d) Greek and Latin are still widely spoken in universities throughout the West.
The silk road was important to China because it provided
a) contact with other cultures through trade. b) a means of administering civil service examinations. c) a military route for the defense of the northern border. d) a means for the country to expand its borders.
In traditional Chinese culture, which philosophy had the greatest influence on the development of social order and political organization?
a) Daoism b) Shintoism c) Confucianism d) Marxism
One result of the Neolithic Revolution was
a) an increase in the number of nomadic tribes. b) a reliance on hunting and gathering for food. c) the establishment of villages and the rise of governments d) a decrease in trade between cultural groups.
A major result of the development of civilization in ancient Egypt was the
a) conquest and settlement of Western Europe by the Egyptian empire. b) establishment of a democratic system of government in Egypt. c) establishment of trade routes between Egypt and other kingdoms. d) decline of agriculture as an important occupation in Egypt.
According to the teachings of Confucius, the key to the successful organization of society is that
a) the ruler should be chosen democratically. b) the evil in humans must be eliminated. c) ancestor worship should be discontinued. d) individuals should know and do what is expected of them.
In traditional India, the caste system and the Hindu beliefs in karma and dharma most directly resulted in
a) the establishment of a set of rules for each individual in society. b) the rapid industrialization of the economy. c) a strong emphasis on the acquisition of wealth. d) a strong belief in the importance of education.
The river valleys of the Tigris-Euprhates, the Nile, and the Indus were centers of civilization because they
a) had rich deposits of iron ore and coal. b) were isolated from other cultural influences. c) were easy to defend from invasion. d) provided a means of transportation and irrigation.
The Quran, Mecca, and hijra are most closely associated with the practice of
a) Islam b) Judaism c) Christianty d) Buddhism
The Eightfold Path, the Four Noble Truths, and the concept of nirvana are associated with the religion of
a) Islam b) Jainism c) Shinto d) Buddhism
The ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in that both cultures
a) established trade routes to China. b) used the ziggurat form for their temples. c) developed along rivers. d) used a hieroglyphic writing system.
India's earliest civilizations were located in
a) mountainous areas. b) river valleys. c) coastal regions. d) dry steppes.
The Upanishads, the Ramayan, and the Bhagavad Gita are considered to be significant pieces of Indian literature because they
a) provide guidelines for Hindu living and behavior. b) identify basic Buddhist principles. c) show the constant class struggle in Indian life. d) reflect the similarities between the Hindu and Muslim religions. Score My Test
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