2nd Semester REVIEW Part II: Question Preview (ID: 31343)

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Which of the following statements about the landmass of Antarctica is accurate?
a) The Antarctic landmass has no mountain ranges. b) Antarctica has no lands with extremes of high and low elevation. c) Antarctica is the lowest continent on Earth. d) Antarctica has a central landmass and an archipelago of rocky islands.
How did the first people to migrate to Australia from what is now New Guinea travel?
a) in small canoes b) by horseback c) in large ships d) over land bridges and peninsulas
Why is Antarctica completely dark for at least three months of the year?
a) It is located near the Equator. b) It is located north of the Antarctic Circle. c) It is located south of the Antarctic Circle. d) It is located in the Northern Hemisphere.
Which statement best describes the early peoples of Australia?
a) They never settled in what is now Tasmania. b) No one knows for sure where they came from. c) They are known as Native Americans. d) They were farmers but not hunters.
Which of the following best describes Australian English?
a) language that includes Aboriginal words and slang b) language that only the commoners speak c) language spoken only by ranchers in the Outback d) language that includes Maori and Aboriginal words
What is the main reason that many organisms in the Great Barrier Reef are dying?
a) The ocean waters have become less salty. b) Waves from more frequent storms have broken the reef apart. c) Global warming has made temperatures in the oceans rise. d) Introduced species of fish have attacked the reef’s corals.
In what way is climate change affecting Antarctica?
a) The ice shelf is thickening and growing. b) The amount of plankton and krill is decreasing. c) Fewer icebergs are found in the waters. d) There is more ship traffic in the area.
Which of the following statements about the explorers Roald Amundsen and Robert Scott is accurate?
a) Both men had much experience dealing with cold and snow. b) Both men were explorers from Norway. c) Both men were explorers from Great Britain. d) Both men wanted to be the first to reach the South Pole.
Even before New Zealand gained independence, what was one of the country’s best ­known political advances?
a) A Maori held a seat in the British-style parliament. b) New Zealand was the first country in the world to legally recognize women’s right to vote. c) The Maori Tribal Council was one of the first democratic governments in the world. d) The Maori, along with the Aboriginal people of Australia, formed one of the most powerful voting groups in the world.
How are Guam and Wake Island similar?
a) They are both independent nations. b) Agriculture is the main economic activity on both islands. c) Mining is an important activity for each nation’s economy. d) They are both home to U.S. military bases.
In what way does Antarctica help maintain the global climate balance?
a) Plentiful rains help restore Earth’s water supply. b) The ice absorbs the sunlight and helps warm Earth. c) The ice reflects the sunlight and helps cool Earth. d) Antarctica’s extreme cold helps to balance the heat from the Equator.
Based on the excerpt, which of the following statements is most accurate?
a) There were already enough sheep and cattle on the continent to help start the ranching industry. b) Business owners located their businesses in places where there were enough people to sell to. c) Very few jobs were available to miners d) The ranches were relatively small and only built near existing towns.
Which of the following statements about what scientists are discovering while working in Antarctica is accurate?
a) They are discovering more clues about Earth’s past and making predictions about Earth’s future. b) They are discovering vast amounts of oil and minerals as they drill deep into the ice sheets. c) They have discovered about all they can and will be returning to their home countries. d) They are discovering that global climate change will not occur for at least two more centuries.
Which of the following facts about Papua New Guinea best describes the cultural diversity of the population?
a) A small percentage of the country’s population lives in urban areas. b) Highland areas have relatively high population densities. c) Thousands of distinct tribal groups live in remote villages on the islands. d) The population density along the coastal plains is fairly low.
How did the icy seas that surround Antarctica get their name?
a) They were named for the new species of marine animals found in them. b) They were named by explorers and scientists who studied and mapped the region c) The countries making claim to the territories named the seas. d) The native peoples of Antarctica named the seas.
Which of the following statements about the Antarctic Treaty of 1959 is accurate?
a) The treaty divided Antarctica among Australia, Great Britain, and New Zealand. b) The treaty set rules for how Antarctica’s land and resources are to be managed. c) The treaty granted countries the right to test weapons in Antarctica. d) The treaty set the rules for how resident scientists could do their studies.
What is Uluru, or Ayers Rock?
a) a rural and isolated part of the Eastern Highlands of Australia b) a rocky plateau that makes up the western half of Australia c) a solid stone monolith sacred to many Aboriginal people d) a great dividing range that runs parallel to Australia’s east coast
Based on the excerpt, which of the following is a reasonable conclusion?
a) Younger people in Oceania are quickly abandoning their traditional cultures b) Men and women are strictly segregated in the region's societies. c) Maintaining elements of traditional cultures is important to the people of Oceania. d) There are no traces of modern life on most islands in Oceania.
What sort of activity created landforms such as the huge plateau at the center of the North Island of New Zealand?
a) oxidation b) volcanic c) erosion d) glacial
What percentage of Antarctica’s land is suitable for plant life?
a) 1 percent b) 5 percent c) 10 percent d) 15 percent
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