Earthquakes And History Of The Earth: Question Preview (ID: 30627)


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What are ground movements that occur when blocks of rock in Earth move suddenly and release energy?
a) Tsunamis b) Earthquakes c) Tornados d) Hurricanes
What is the place within Earth along a fault at which the first motion of an earthquake occurs?
a) Focus b) epicenter c) seismic center d) seismic waves
What is the area on Earth's surface directly above the focus?
a) epicenter b) focus c) seismic center d) seismic waves
What is a break in Earth's crust along which blocks of rock move?
a) crack b) break c) fault d) intrusion
Which type of fault occur at divergent boundaries and commonly result when tension pulls rock apart?
a) Normal Fault b) Reverse Fault c) Strike Slip Fault d) Earth Fault
Which type of fault occur at convergent boundaries and commonly result when compression squeezes rock together?
a) Normal Fault b) Reverse Fault c) Strike Slip Fault d) Earth Fault
Which type of fault occur at transform boundaries and commonly result from shear stress causing two blocks of rock to move past each other in opposite directions?
a) Normal Fault b) Reverse Fault c) Transform Fault d) Strike Slip Fault
What is the trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago, most commonly preserved in sedimentary rock?
a) Fossil b) Trace Fossil c) historical remains d) organism remains
What is a fossilized structure that formed in sedimentary rock by animal activity on or in soft sediment?
a) Fossil b) trace fossil c) track d) historical remains
What is determining whether an object or event is older or younger than other objects or events (especially rock layers)?
a) Absolute Dating b) Fossil Dating c) Relative Dating d) Rock Dating
What is the principle that states that younger rocks lie above older rocks if the layers have not been disturbed?
a) Law of Crosscutting Relationships b) Law of Superposition c) Law of Rock Age d) Law of Fossil
What is the principle that states that a rock that is cutting through any other rock, is younger than the rock layer that it cuts through?
a) Law of Crosscutting Relationships b) Law of Superposition c) Law of Fossilization d) Law of Relative Dating
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