Earthquakes: Question Preview (ID: 28868)

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Instrument that records an earthquake's seismic wave
a) Seismograph b) Bar graph c) accelerometer d) Bolometer
Which wave is a transvers wave
a) P-Wave b) S-Wave c) d)
Point on the surface directly above the focus
a) Hypercenter b) Epicencter c) Epcot d) Asthenosphere
Rating of an earthquake's magnitude based on the size of the earthquakes seismic waves
a) Barometer b) Nanometer c) Richter Scale d) Balance
Seismic waves that vibrate from side to side as well as up and down; second seismic wave to arrive
a) S-Wave b) P-Wave c) Surface Wave d) Tsunami Wave
First seismic wave to arrive, compress and expand the ground like an accordian
a) Surface Wave b) P-Wave c) S-Wave d) Tsunami Wave
Shaking and trembling from the movement of rock beneath Earth's surface
a) Hypercenter b) Epicenter c) Fault d) Earthquake
Which type of stress is responsible for pulling rocks apart, stretching and thinning it in the middle
a) Compression b) Tension c) Shearing d) Reverse
Area beneath Earth's surface where an earthquake originates where rock that is under stress breaks, triggering an earthquake
a) Epicenter b) Fault c) Focus d) Mercalli scale
What is the correct order of waves from fastest to slowest as they leave the focus
a) S-Wave, P-Wave, Surface Wave b) Surface Wave, P-Wave, S-Wave c) P-Wave, S-Wave, Surface Wave d) P-Wave, Surface Wave, S-Wave
Which type of stress is responsible for squeezing rocks as plates push together
a) Shearing b) Tension c) Compression d) Shoulder Pain
Ground movements that occur when blocks of rock in Earth move suddenly and release energy is a
a) Fault b) Tectonic Plate c) Earthquake d) Rift Valley
A break in Earths crust along which blocks of rock move is a
a) Fault b) Trench c) Rift Valley d) Plate Tectonic
What type of fault occurs at a transform boundary
a) Normal b) Reverse c) Strike Slip d) Transformation
What type of fault occurs at a convergent boundary
a) Strike Slip b) Normal c) Reverse d) Compressed
What type of fault occurs at a divergent boundary
a) Normal b) Reverse c) Tense d) Strike Slip
A giant sea wave produced from an earthquake is called
a) Rip Tide b) Caldera c) Tsunami d) Electromagnetic wave
What is the minimum number of seismographic stations are needed to locate the epicenter of an earthquake
a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4
Where do most earthquakes occcur
a) Plate Boundaries b) Hot Spots c) Under Water d) Along the coast of Florida
What seismic wave can travel through solids and liquids
a) S-Wave b) P-Wave c) L-Wave d) K-Wave
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