# Unit Test 4- Interactions Of Matter And Energy: Question Preview (ID: 28016)

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 Which of the following statements most accurately describes the relationships between temperature and the states of matter? a) All states of matter have the same basic range of temperatures b) A substance's state of matter can change in response to a change in temperature c) All substances have the same melting point and boiling point as water d) There is no noticeable relationship between temperature and states of matter What difference is most obvious when comparing two atoms that do not represent the same element? a) atoms of different elements will have an obvious difference in temperature b) atoms of different elements will have an obvious difference in the states of matter in which they are found in nature c) atoms of different elements will have an obvious difference in their mass due to a different number of subatomic particles d) atoms of different elements will have an obvious difference in color The melting point of a solid is 24.9 degrees Celsius. As heat is added to melt the solid, what happens to the particles? a) The motion of the particles increases b) The motion of the particles decreases c) The particles begin to move farther apart d) The particles move closer together How does the density of a tree in its infancy at a mass of 10 grams compare to its density when it is fully grown and 600 grams. a) The density will be 60 times as much at 600 grams because 600 is 60 times as much as 10. b) The density will be one sixtieth as much at 10 grams because 10 is 1 sixtieth of 600. c) The density will be 610 g/ml because 600 plus 10 equals 610 d) The density will be the same because density is a constant proportion which measures the amount of mass per unit of volume How does the melting point of 100 grams of an element compare to melting point of 50 grams of that same element? a) The melting point for 100 grams is twice the temperature as the melting point for 50 grams. b) The melting point for 100 grams is half the temperature as the melting point for 50 grams c) The melting point is the same for both, but 50 grams of the element will melt first since it is the lesser amount d) Melting is the same for both, but 100 grams of the element will melt first since it the greater amount An archaeologist walks deep into a completely dark cave and feels the walls, noticing that they are cool. He then shines his flashlight and notices the wall is beginning to feel warmer. How can this most likely be explained? a) The sun came out and warmed up the walls of the completely dark cave. b) The archaeologist was a superhero with special powers that enabled him to make cool materials warmer c) A caveman lived inside and he turned on the heat just as the archaeologist had shined his flashlight. d) The walls of the cave were warmed through the process of radiation because a light when shined always gives off heat As the sun shines during the day, it is able to cover a large radius of land and water in all directions with its heat. How is this best explained? a) Rays of heat from the sun come into contact with the water, and then move through the water through the process of convection b) Rays of heat come into contact with particles in the atmosphere and then bounce in different directions by heat scattering c) Rays of heat from the sun are absorbed by solid object which conduct heat over a large radius of land and water d) Rays of heat are transmitted through mirrors that reflect light over a large radius of land and water Mr. Harvey always wears one of four colored shirts to school each day. He has a green shirt, a white shirt, a blue shirt, and a black shirt. In which of these shirts is Mr. Harvey the hottest? a) The white shirt because white is the lightest color and lighter colors insulate heat b) The green shirt, because green is the color of plants which depend on water to survive and therefore it will convect heat c) The black shirt because black is the darkest color and darker colors absorb the most heat. d) The blue shirt because blue is neither lighter nor darker and therefore it conducts heat Which best describes the relationship between the temperature of a material and electromagnetic radiation? a) Materials generally become warmer through the absorption of light because light when transferred will emit heat. b) Materials generally become warmer through the reflection of light because light when transferred will emit heat c) Materials generally become warmer through the transmission of light because light when transferred will emit heat. d) Materials generally become warmer through the absorption, reflection, and transmission of light because all these emit heat. A student notices that an inflated balloon is larger when it is warmed by a lamp. What caused the balloon to become larger? a) The heat from the lamp caused the particles of the balloon to contract, thus making it larger. b) The heat from the lamp caused the particles of the balloon to expand, thus making it larger. c) The heat from the lamp caused the particles of the balloon to contract, thus making it smaller d) The heat from the lamp caused the particles of the balloon to expand, thus making it larger
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