PBS Unit 1.2 DNA Analysis Vocab: Question Preview (ID: 26929)


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A component of nucleic acids, energy-carrying molecules such as ATP, and certain coenzymes. Chemically, it is a purine base. Pairs with thymine in DNA.
a) Adenine b) Guanine c) Cytosine d) Thymine
Any of the usually linear bodies in the cell nucleus that contain the genetic material.
a) Chromosome b) Nucleus c) Nucleic acid d) Gene
A component of nucleic acids that carries hereditary information in DNA and RNA in cells. Chemically, it is a pyrimidine base. Pairs with Guanine in DNA.
a) Adenine b) Guanine c) Cytosine d) Thymine
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of replicating and determining the inherited structure of a cell’s proteins.
a) DNA b) RNA c) NDA d) NRA
The separation of nucleic acids or proteins, on the basis of their size and electrical charge, by measuring their rate of movement through an electrical field in a gel.
a) Polymerase Chain Reaction b) Gel electrophoresis c) DNA Extraction d) Restriction enzyme
A discrete unit of hereditary information consisting of a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA (or RNA, in some viruses).
a) Chromosome b) Nucleus c) Gene d) DNA
A component of nucleic acids that carries hereditary information in DNA and RNA in cells. Chemically, it is a purine base. It pairs with cytosine in DNA.
a) Adenine b) Guanine c) Cytosine d) Thymine
Something spiral in form.
a) Helix b) Pentagon c) Circle d) Polygon
A simplified version of something complex used, for example, to analyze and solve problems or make predictions.
a) Experiment b) Scientific method c) Figurine d) Model
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.
a) Chromosome b) Gene c) Nucleus d) Nucleotide
A degradative enzyme that recognizes specific nucleotide sequences and cuts up DNA.
a) Polymerase chain reaction b) DNA extraction c) Gel electrophoresis d) Restriction enzyme
Differences in DNA sequence on homologous chromosomes that can result in different patterns of restriction fragment lengths (DNA segments resulting from treatment with restriction enzymes).
a) RFLP b) RLPF c) PLFR d) PRFL
A component of nucleic acid that carries hereditary information in DNA in cells. Chemically, it is a pyrimidine base. It pairs with adenine in DNA.
a) Adenine b) Guanine c) Cytosine d) Thymine
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