Living Things (2.1 2.2 TEST): Question Preview (ID: 26179)


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What are the 6 characteristic that all living things share?
a) eats, sleeps, breathes, needs water, needs sunlight, and needs rest b) Cells , contain different chemicals , uses energy, responds to mate, grow and develop, and reproduces c) Cellular organization , contain similar chemicals , uses energy, responds to surroundings, grow and develop, and reproduces d) Cellular organization , contain similar chemicals , uses energy, responds to surroundings, grow and develop, and fights
What do all living things need to survive?
a) Water, Food (energy source), Living space, and Stable internal conditions b) Water, Living space, and Stable internal conditions c) Water, Food (energy source), and Stable internal conditions d) Water, Food (energy source), Living space, and competition
Why do scientists organize living things into groups?
a) so they can find them in the wild more easily b) so that the organisms are easier to study c) so they can make sense of the variety of rocks on Earth d) so products from living things can be easily found in groceries
An organism’s scientific name consists of ______________.
a) its phylum name and its species name. b) its kingdom name and its phylum name. c) its genus name and its species name. d) its class name and its family name.
The more classification levels that two organisms share, __________________.
a) the more characteristics they have in common. b) the closer together on Earth they live. c) the easier it is to tell them apart. d) the more distantly related they are.
Which group of organisms includes only multicellular heterotrophs?
a) protists b) bacteria c) plants d) animals
The experiments of Redi and Pasteur helped to demonstrate that __________________.
a) species gradually change over time. b) living things do not arise from nonliving material. c) organisms can be placed in groups based on their similarities. d) the chemicals of life could have arisen on early Earth.
A plant grows toward the light. The plant’s action is an example of ____________.
a) reproduction. b) development. c) a stimulus. d) a response.
Spontaneous generation is a mistaken idea because living things ____________.
a) are produced only by living things. b) exhibit binomial nomenclature. c) do not reproduce. d) maintain homeostasis.
The source of energy for most autotrophs is _______________.
a) other autotrophs. b) heterotrophs. c) water. d) the sun.
The first word in an organism’s scientific name is its ____________________.
a) Species b) Kingdom. c) Genus. d) Phylum.
________ developed a naming system that grouped organisms on the basis of their observable features.
a) Redi. b) Lennaeus. c) Pasteur. d) Hook.
How do organisms differ in the ways they obtain their energy source, or food?
a) Class. b) Domain c) Kingdom. d) Phylum.
In the modern classification system used by biologists, the broadest level of organization is called a ____________________.
a) Species. b) Phyla. c) Classes. d) Orders.
Each genus of organisms contains one or more ____________________.
a) wasp b) hornet c) cardinal d) insect
An owl and a wasp share the same kingdom and phylum; an owl and a hornet share the same kingdom and phylum; an owl and a cardinal share the same kingdom, phylum, and class. The owl and the ____________________ have more characteristics in common.
a) Organisms may be autotrophs, make their own food, or heterotrophs, cannot make their own food. b) Organisms may be autotrophs, cannot make their own food, or heterotrophs, can make their own food. c) Organisms may be heterotrophs, make their own food, or autotrophs, cannot make their own food. d) All organisms eat.
Use an example to explain why the common names of organisms are sometimes confusing. How can using scientific names help avoid the confusion?
a) The same organism may have different scientific names (whistlepig, woodchuck, and groundhog). but only one common name. b) Scientists just give species a number. c) The same organism may have different common names (whistlepig, woodchuck, and groundhog). but only one scientific name. d) Scientists just give phyla a number.
A person tells you that two organisms belong to the same family but two different classes. Can that information be correct? Explain.
a) Yes, that information can be correct. A family is a subgroup of class. b) Yes, that information can be correct. A family is a subgroup of order. c) No, that information cannot be correct. An order is a subgroup of one family, and a family is a subgroup of one class. d) No, that information cannot be correct. A family is a subgroup of one order, and an order is a subgroup of one class.
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