US Regents Review Landmark Supreme Court Cases: Question Preview (ID: 25888)

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What was the result of many of the Supreme Court decisions made under Chief Justice John Marshall between 1801 and 1835?
a) system of slavery was weakened. b) The federal government was strengthened. c) The rights of workers were supported. d) Antitrust laws were upheld.
The police enter an individual’s home without invitation or a warrant and seize evidence to be used against the individual. Which Supreme Court decision may be used to rule this evidence inadmissible in court?
a) Baker v. Carr b) Gideon v. Wainwright c) Mapp v. Ohio d) Roe v. Wade
Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. -Brown v. Board of Education The effect of this Supreme Court ruling was to
a) establish affirmative action programs in higher education b) require the integration of public schools c) desegregate the armed forces and the military academies d) force states to spend an equal amount on each public school student
The significance of the Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison is that the decision
a) advanced civil rights for minorities b) upheld the constitutionality of a national bank c) limited Presidential control of foreign policy d) established the power of judicial review
Which generalization is consistent with the ruling of the United States Supreme Court in Schenck v. United States?
a) The freedoms guaranteed in the Bill of Rights are virtually unlimited b) Government has the right to suspend any rights at any time. c) Individual rights can be limited in the national interest d) The balance between individual rights and the general social welfare almost always favors individual rights.
Under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme Court was considered activist because of its
a) reluctance to overturn state laws b) Insistence on restricting freedom of speech to spoken words c) xpansion of individual rights in criminal cases d) refusal to reconsider the issues of the Plessy v. Ferguson case
An immediate result of the Supreme Court decision in Schechter Poultry Corporation v. United States (1935) and United States v. Butler (1936) was that
a) some aspects of the New Deal were declared unconstitutional b) State governments took over relief agencies c) Congress was forced to abandon efforts to improve the economy d) The constitutional authority of the President was greatly expanded
The decisions of the United States Supreme Court in Miranda v. Arizona, Gideon v. Wainwright, and Escobedo v. Illinois all advanced the
a) voting rights of minorities b) guarantees of free speech and press c) principle of separation of church and state d) rights of accused persons
The Dred Scott decision on the issue of slavery upheld the Southern viewpoint that
a) the power of the Supreme Court does not extend to cases of race l b) Congress could not pass a law depriving territorial residents of their property c) a national vote should be held to decide the legality of slavery d) the economic well-being of the western states depended on slave labor
Which idea is illustrated by the Supreme Court cases Schenck v. United States and Korematsu v . United States?
a) The free speech rights of Communists have often been violated. b) During wartime, limitations on civil rights have been upheld by judicial action. c) The rights of protestors have been preserved even in times of national stress. d) Economic interests of foreign nations are frequently upheld in United States courts.
The case of John Peter Zenger (1735) and New York Times Co. v. United States (1971) both involved a government’s attempt to limit
a) freedom of religion b) freedom of the press c) the right to bear arms d) the right to counsel
The Supreme Court cases of Tinker v. Des Moines and New Jersey v. TLO involved the issue of
a) freedom of the press b) the rights of students in school c) freedom of religion d) the rights of prison inmate
The decisions of the United States Supreme Court in Tinker v. Des Moines and New York Times Co. v. United States were based on interpretations of the
a) meaning of a republican form of government b) wers delegated specifically to Congress c) president’s right to executive privilege d) rights guaranteed by the 1st amendment
The Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade (1973) was based on the constitutional principle of
a) protection of property rights b) freedom of speech c) right to privacy d) freedom of religion
The Supreme Court decisions in New York Times Co. v. United States (1971) and United States v. Nixon (1974) reinforced the principle that the president of the United States
a) has unlimited use of the veto power b) is protected from unfair media criticism c) may not be convicted of a crime d) is not above the law
In the 1960s, Supreme Court decisions in the cases Miranda v. Arizona and Gideon v. Wainwright specifically protected the rights of
a) the accused b) women c) military veterans d) persons with disabilities
The Jim Crow legal system, which expanded in the South after Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), was based on the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the
a) due process clause of the 5th Amendment b) states’ rights provision of the 10th Amendment c) equal protection clause in the 14th Amendment d) voting rights provision in the 15th Amendment
In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court ruled that
a) states may not secede from the Union b) racial segregation was constitutional c) slaves are property and may not be taken from their owners d) all western territories should be open to slavery
The Supreme Court decision in Schenck v. United States (1919) stated that 3. rights of the accused may not be limited 4. women should be granted suffrage
a) immigrants have limited rights b) freedom of speech is not absolute c) rights of the accused may not be limited d) women should be granted suffrage
The Supreme Court ruling in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) helped to increase sectional conflict because the decision
a) denied Congress the power to regulate slavery in the territories b) allowed for the importation of enslaved persons for ten years c) prohibited slavery in lands west of the Mississippi River d) gave full citizenship to all enslaved persons
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