Earth, Moon, Sun: Question Preview (ID: 24598)


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The different shapes of the moon seen from Earth are called
a) penumbras b) umbras c) phases d) eclipses
For a solar eclipse to occur,
a) the sun must be directly between Earth and the moon b) the moon must be directly between Earth and the sun c) the moon must be directly behind Earth. d) Earth must be directly between the sun and the moon.
During what phase of the moon can a lunar eclipse occur?
a) first quarter b) waxing gibbous c) new moon d) full moon
Earth’s rotation takes about
a) 365 days b) 6 months. c) 24 hours d) 1 month
Day and night are caused by
a) Earth’s rotation on its axis. b) eclipses c) the tilt of Earth’s axis. d) Earth’s revolution around the sun.
An equinox occurs when
a) Earth’s axis is parallel to the sun’s rays b) neither hemisphere is tilted toward or away from the sun. c) the Northern Hemisphere is tilted toward the sun d) the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun.
The two factors that combine to keep Earth and the moon in their orbits are
a) orbital speed and mass. b) gravity and inertia. c) gravity and orbital speed. d) mass and inertia
From new moon phase to full moon phase, you see
a) the same amount of the lit side of the moon b) an increasing amount of the lit side of the moon. c) more of the lit side, then less of the lit side of the moon. d) a decreasing amount of the lit side of the moon.
Because the moon rotates once for each revolution around Earth,
a) you see some phases more than others b) the far side of the moon is visible only during the full moon phase. c) a different side of the moon faces Earth each day. d) you never see the far side of the moon from Earth.
The amount of the lit side of the moon you can see is the same during
a) full moon and third quarter phase. b) new moon and first quarter phase. c) new moon and full moon phase d) first quarter and third quarter phase.
The constellations seem to move as the seasons on Earth change. What causes this?
a) As the Earth rotates on its axis, we see different parts of the sky. b) As Earth revolves around the sun, we have a different view of the stars c) Like the moon, the stars move around Earth. d) Just as the seasons on Earth change, so do the seasons on stars
The tendency of a moving object to continue moving in a straight line or a stationary object to remain in place is called
a) mass b) orbital speed c) gravity d) inertia
The phase of the moon you see depends on
a) how much of the moon’s surface is lit by the sun. b) whether or not an eclipse is occurring c) where you are on Earth’s surface d) what time of day it is.
When are tides highest?
a) during the moon’s third quarter phase b) when the moon is at a right angle to the sun c) when the sun, Earth, and the moon are nearly in a line d) during the moon’s first quarter phase
A pattern or grouping of stars imagined by people to represent a figure is a
a) star chart b) constellation c) seasonal pattern d) mythological object
All objects are attracted to each other by the force of
a) inertia b) mass c) weight d) gravity
The strength of the force of gravity depends on
a) the weight of the objects and their speeds. b) the masses of the objects and their weights. the masses of the objects and the distance between them c) the masses of the objects and the distance between them. d) the masses of the objects and their speeds.
One complete revolution of Earth around the sun takes about
a) one eclipse b) one rotation c) one season. d) one year.
Earth has seasons because
a) its axis is tilted as it moves around the sun b) the temperature of the sun changes. c) the distance between Earth and the sun changes. d) it rotates on its axis.
In the Southern Hemisphere, the summer solstice occurs when the sun is
a) closest to Earth. b) at the equator. c) farthest north. d) farthest south
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